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Avianca Flight 052 Case Study

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Culture in the Cockpit
History of Avianca Flight 052 On January 25th, 1990, Avianca Flight 052, a Boeing 707, departed Bogotá, Colombia, South America, enroute to JFK International Airport, New York, after making a scheduled intermediate stop in Medellin, Colombia, South America (FAA, 2017). The flight departed Medellin at 1508 EST with 149 passengers and 9 crewmembers on board (Krause, 2003). Due to weather conditions at JFK there were numerous flight delays for inbound aircraft, and Avianca Flight 052 was given three separate holding instructions while enroute to JFK (Krause, 2003). Shortly after 2133 EST, Avianca Flight 052 crashed in a wooded area near Cove Neck, Long Island, New York, as a result of fuel starvation while returning for a second approach to landing at JFK (NTSB, 1991). The captain of Flight 052 had over 16,000 hours of flight time, with more than 1,500 hours in the 707 (Krause, 2003). The first officer had substantially less experience with about 1,800 hours of total flight time, and only 64 hours in the 707 (Krause, 2003). The second officer, or flight engineer, had over 10,000 hours total flight time, and more than 3,000 of that was in the 707 (Krause, 2003). All three crewmembers were citizens of the Republic of Colombia, and the captain was 52 years old, the first officer was 28, and the second officer was 45 years old (NTSB, 1991). Just prior to the crash the actual weather at JFK was poor. The ceilings were reported to be 200 feet above the
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