Background and History of Prostate Cancer

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Introduction/Background/ History In 2013 there were 238,500 new cases of Prostate Cancer diagnosed in the United Sates, and about 29,700 of the cases will die from it according to Prostate Cancer is the most non-skin related cancer in the United States. Prostate cancer is the formation of cancerous cells in the prostate of the male’s reproductive organ. Prostate cancer is a slow progressing disease, and most men only die once they have reached old age. Because the prostate is in close proximity to other organs, it also causes dysfunction in urination, fertility, sexuality, and bowel movements. This cancer is more common in African American men ages 40 and up. Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include: • Disruptions in urinary function, • Blood in urine or semen • Stiffness in thighs or in the lower lumbar region of the back. Direct causes for prostate cancer are still unknown, but characteristics such as age, ethnicity, and family history can been studied to be serious factors. It is recommended that men should start getting tested for Prostate Cancer between the ages of 40 and 50. Prostate Cancer comes in two forms, localized and metastatic. The localized disease comes in stages T1 through T4, and the metastatic disease comes in stages N1 and M1. If the cancer is caught early enough it can be effectively treated. Also, if diagnosed early enough and treated, men can be cured or go into remission for up to five years. Yet, according to, 20% to 30% of men
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