Benefits Of Genetically Modified Crops

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The topic of GM crops is perhaps one of the most exiting and continually growing aspects of genetic science. It has an interesting history, many and varied applications, well-researched techniques and its own set of issues ripe for debate; this essay will discuss these aspects.

Genetically modified crops have been a large part of the agricultural landscape for thousands of years. Ever since wild crops were domesticated by the first farmers domesticated wild varieties of grains and tubers. Simply by selecting the most hardy and highest yielding wild strains early farmers began genetic modification. These plants were then selectively bred for thousands of years so as to further increase their yields and tolerance to damage. In more recent history efforts to modify the genes of plants using methods other than selective breeding were attempted.
Hermann Muller, in 1926, discovered that dosing organisms with X-rays caused lethal genetic mutations. This technology was proposed to modify organisms in non-lethal ways using varying doses of x-rays (Carlson, 1983).
But the biggest and most progressing genetic technology was the invention of recombinant DNA splicing in the late 1970’s. This technology revolutionised the way in which genetic modification was thought about, it provided an effective method genetic manipulation and opened the door for many future advances in genetic science. This advance in technology allowed for the 1987 creation of the first GM crop, a tobacco crop
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