Best Fit vs Best Practice Essay

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According to its proponents, the ‘best practice’ school of thought is the route to organizational success. If that is the case, why is ‘best practice’ not standard HR practice within all organizations? Proper management of human resources is a critical variable affecting an organization’s growth, competitiveness, productivity, profitability, and survival. The core strength of any organization lies in its human resources because it involves all management decisions and practices that directly affect or influence the organization, especially the organization’s workforce. Organizations do not exist without people, hence people are the most significant resources in an organization. General human resource management (HRM) practices emphasize…show more content…
Instead, human resource practices of ‘best fit’ are more effective when they are designed to fit certain contingencies in the organization’s specific context. Consequently, ‘best practice’ is perceived to improve performance within an organization when a select bundle of policies is implemented and the employees are managed more efficiently. Jeffrey Pfeffer’s (1994) work under this conception offers a list of seven practices assumed to be most beneficial to an organization for achieving competitive advantage ‘through people’. (1) The importance of employment security is emphasized because it is unrealistic to expect such hard work and commitment from employees without some expectation of security on their part. (2) Selective hiring is a source of sustainable competitive advantage through its “capturing” of particularly exceptional human talent (human capital). (3) Self-managed teams require efficient teamwork, and are seen as a route to achievement of more creative solutions. Employees deserve to be rewarded for

their superior contributions, whether it be pay in the form of performance-related rewards or simply higher-than-average compensation (4). It is also critical to ensure that the recruited ‘human talent’ sustain and further develop their skills through forms of (5) extensive training and experience. (6) The reduction of status differences is a means to ensure the
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