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Bio 205 Workshop 2

Decent Essays
Bio 205
Workshop 2
Bacteria
Purpose of Bergy’s Manual: based on ribosomal RNA sequences, which presumably reflect phylogenetic (evolutionary) relationships. Used for the identification of prokaryotes. 2nd edition on classification of prokaryotes.
4 Tests/ Parameters that are evaluated to classify bacteria are: procedure’s that determine an organism’s ability to ferment carious carbohydrates; utilize various substrates such as specific amino acids, starch, citrate, and gelatin; or produce waste products such as hydrogen sulfide gas and also differences in fatty acid composition of bacteria are also used to distinguish between bacteria.
4 Divisions of procaryotic bacteria per Bergy’s Manual are: Gracillicutes, Firmicutes,
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Other fungi are parasitic and obtain their nutrients from living hosts.
4. Know the classification of fungal diseases (mycoses). 30% of known fungal species produce mycoses, which are fungal diseases of plants, animals, and humans. Classifications of fungi are; Zygomycota, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota.
5. Know economic effects of fungi. Fungi produce gallic acid, which is used in photographic developers, dyes, indelible ink, as well as in the production of artificial flavoring, perfumes, chlorine, alcohols, and several acids. Fungi are also used to make plastics, toothpaste, soap, and in the silvering of mirrors. In Japan almost 500,000 metric tons of fungus-fermented soybean curd (tofu and miso) are consumed annually. Different strains of the rust fungus Puccinia graminis cause billions of dollars of damage annually to food and timber crops throughout the world.
6. What kingdom are algae classified? The classification of algae is not yet settled, however, there are different divisions of kingdoms. Chlorophyta (Green Algae), Kingdom Rhodophyta (Red Algae), Halophyte (Brown Algae), Chrysophyta (Golden Algae, Yellow-Green Algae, and Diatoms) What domain? Eucaryotes-eucaryotic photosynthesizers (plants) Algae are classified by their photosynthetic absorption spectra.
7. Know defining characteristics of algae. aquatic, photosynthetic (i.e., chloroplast-containing), Algae can be multicellular or unicellular.
8. Know
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