Bone Marrow

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Bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue responsible for producing blood cells. It contains stem cells, which have the ability to create other diverse types of cells, either the bone marrow or any other type of blood cell. Some types of cancer and other diseases prevent stem cells from developing normally. If they are not normal, they will not be able to produce any blood cells. Stem cell treatments are a highly effective alternative to treat diseases related to bone damage or deterioration.

It is of great importance for this research to cite the example of treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with stem cells. Faced with this issue, the regenerative therapy institute says:
"Osteoarthritis is a disease that causes progressive degeneration of …show more content…

It is an alternative to regenerate bones from mesenchymal stem cells, which are able to regenerate multiple tissues throughout the body such as cartilage, bone and fat. This therapy would especially help those who have suffered bone defects due to traffic accidents, weapons or infections; and its application would avoid the use of synthetic grafts. "In orthopedics, for example, bone loss secondary to bone infections and other traumatic pathologies are common due to traffic accidents, gunshots, anti-personnel mine explosions or industrial accidents," says Fletscher. The proposal has already received the best scientific poster award at the American Congress of Orthopedics and Traumatology, held in Orlando, Florida, and promises to be a great short-term alternative in the treatment of bone …show more content…

If proven to be safe and effective in humans, this method that mixes stem cell therapy and genetic therapies could replace the graft as a way to treat broken bones. "We are at the beginning of a revolution in orthopedics," says Dan Gazit, co-director of the Skeletal Regeneration and Cell Therapy Program at the Department of Surgery and the Board of Governors of the Cedars-Sinai Institute of Regenerative Medicine. "We are combining an engineering approach with a biological approach to advancing regenerative engineering, which we believe is the future of medicine," adds

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