CCTV Systems Role in Reducing Crime Essay

1423 Words 6 Pages
CCTV Systems Role in Reducing Crime

The general purpose of the CCTV is to prevent and reduce crime. In
theory, this happens because of one or more of these reasons:

1. Deterrence: potential burglars and thieves may see the camera and
decide that a store in question is too much of a risk and therefore
not a good target.

2. Prosecution: thieves and shoplifters may be caught on camera and
this can help catch and prosecute them.

3. Fear reduction: if everyone knows that there is a camera, they may
feel safer in or around your business, thus preventing potential
criminals from attacking.

4. Monitoring and intervention: if there is a security guard
monitoring the area through CCTV system
…show more content…
We have to get the balance right on the use of CCTV and other
surveillance equipment in public places - between protecting people's
safety and protecting their privacy. The law should require clear
impact assessments, so that CCTV is only used where it will work and
will justify the intrusion.
If CCTV is less effective than people have been led to believe,
perhaps we should actually be spending more of this money on fewer
cameras and more on street lighting or police officers on the street.

From the government’s perspective, CCTV has been long since seen as a
useful crime prevention tool with wide ranging uses (Home Office,
1994). Amongst the many uses attributed to CCTV, public order issues
are significant. For example, one particular government study
highlights how a CCTV scheme in Birmingham incorporates the specific
aims of ‘deterrence of public disorder, anti-social behaviour and
crime’ and the ‘reduction of general levels of fear of crime within
the town (sic) centre’ (Brown, 1995: 31). CCTV is therefore considered
as an important tool in tackling disorder, anti-social behaviour and
the fear of crime, all elements which form a major part of the
government’s Crime Reduction Programme.

Also in keeping with the main aims of the Crime Reduction…