Running head: PERSONALITY THEORY PAPER
Personality Theory Paper
Personality Theory Paper
From the theories of Sigmund Freud to humanistic theories of personality, how one views others greatly influences how one sees the world and vice versa. Because the theories are so different—some suggesting that human nature is ill, evil, or bad, while others believe it is intrinsically good—it is easy to see why people’s views of others and the world are so different. However, each person has a single theory or belief that influences the way they others. For me, that theory is Carl Rogers’ theory of personality, and this theory greatly impacts how I view others in society and in the workplace, in addition to my own role in society and the …show more content…
My role in society is different from how they perceive theirs. According to Rogers (n.d.), Carl Rogers strove to empower others to be the best that they could be through therapy, including therapy that involved giving of one’s personal self through relevant self-disclosure and through really listening to a person’s problems (“Personality Synopsis, 2004). This is how I see my role in society. I see it as my responsibility to be the best I can
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The psychoanalytical perspective was founded by Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist that created his comprehensive theory of personality by studying the mentally ill. Through research he explored the unconscious, where we keep unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories hidden. Applying his findings, he formed the personality structure. He believed our personality was composed of three unique parts, the ID, super-ego, and ego. The ID is defined as our evil side, operating on pleasure and immediate gratification. For example, when the Grinch disguises himself and goes into town to cause mischief it shows he has an overpowering ID. He operates on the pleasure of hurting others and feeling short bursts of gratification when
However with advantages come disadvantages. For example, with correlational studies there is no background information obtained. Therefore, the reliability of the correlational studies is questioned.
Born on May 28, 1945, Patch Adams is a famous American physician, social activist, and author. The life Patch Adams and the creation of Gesundheit! Institute is documented in the 1998 film of the same name. Patch Adams was portrayed by the late actor Robin Williams. In Patch Adams, Patch’s personality changes a lot from beginning to end. At the beginning of of the movie, Patch has committed himself to a mental institute. By the end of the movie, however, Patch has graduated from Law school and is fulfilled his dream to help those in need. I am going to base Patch’s transformation off of the Humanistic Approach to Personality.
EXISTENTIAL-HUMANISTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY In the 1960's a new momentum in counselling known as the third force spawned. This force became known as the existential humanist approach developed by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Like most psychologists of his era; Carl Rogers trained psychodynamically (Prochaska & Norcross 2010).
In this paper I will try to elucidate how Maslow’s hierarchy of needs shows the extent to which growth needs influence personality formation, also put into words how biological factors influence the formation of personality. Observe the relationship of biological factors to Maslow’s theory as well as explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality.
Perhaps, Jung’s theory is less about trying to find causes of behavior in methodological ways but more about helping people overcome the senselessness and aimlessness of their lives. Personally, if this is so, then I find Jung’s theory to be more valuable than any other theory of personality grounded on scientific research. Our well-being is contingent upon our ability to develop self-awareness. We were born to uncover the truth of who we really are. Every moment in life has the potential to be a redefining moment when we seize upon the opportunity to look more deeply into the Self and learn how to actualize its qualities in our daily lives. The goal is to increase our awareness of these moments in life, either conscious or unconscious, that invites us into a deeper knowing of who we truly are. When we achieve a state of psychic equilibrium and experience the power of becoming spiritually elevated, I believe we can find purpose and meaning in life beyond our mere survival. An achievement such as this can help cultivate a society that
Aside from the common differences that can be seen from a distance without actually communicating or interacting with someone, such as the color of their skin, there are many other attributes that sets people apart. There are distinct differences in the way people think, feel, and behave; commonly referred to as personality. Various factors determine the persona of individuals. Some of these factors include the neural systems and distinctive genes. This paper looks at how genetic factors of people and their neural systems contribute to the personality of humans.
The Behavioral theory of personalities states that a personality is developed through our experiences, classical training methods, and observation learning. This holds more weight than the others, when we think of training methods we often think of another person with more experience training the trainee, while there are plenty of examples of this, I wondered how many people have thought that they may be training themselves subconsciously we all do it some extent. A personal example would be when I learned to text faster, my friends constantly commented on my slow texting being a millennial I felt inadequate, the only people who were considered slow at texting where “old” people I couldn’t have my peers thinking I belonged with that group, so I started texting constantly to speed up my fingers. Now it is something that is second nature, I think we do this like to ourselves those voices in our head train as much as another person.
Additionally, Rogers presumed individuals engage in interactions similar to their personal perception of their own self (Glassman, 2009). His findings support the development of one’s image is influenced by the combination childhood experiences and the opinions of others (Glassman, 2009). People feel, internalize, and behave in ways which are consistent with how they view themselves (DeRobertis, 2006). For many individuals, this generates a disconnect amongst their views on how they believe themselves to be and who they actually are (Glassman, 2009). Furthermore, a person’s actions reflect what he or she desire to be like causing people to behave in
Allport defines personality as ‘the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’ (Allport, 1937). An individual’s unique personality traits and attributes are a powerful indicator of how he/she will interact with the work environment. The difference between average and outstanding employees can often be solely personality related. As the employee is the most valuable asset to the company, ‘selecting the right employee during the process is critical’ (Carbery and Cross, 2013, pp. 41-53)
The way we view ourselves and our feelings of self-worth are the fundamental importance to our psychological health and to the likelihood of being able to achieve our goals and ambitions in life to achieve self-actualization. The self- concept consists of our self-worth, self-image, and our ideal self. The more we change our self-image to what we would like to be, the more consistent we are and feel more self-worthy. According to Rogers, someone who has high self worth has positive feelings about themselves and has great confidence but doesn't necessarily mean their life is perfect. This means that they face challenges in their life, accepts being unhappy and their failures, and is open with people. A person with low self-worth avoids challenges, does not accept that life can be difficult at times, and is very defensive/guarded with other people. He
Introversion was defined as “withdrawn and often shy, and they tend to focus on themselves, on their own thoughts and feelings” (Jung, 1923) Therefore focusing on this personality trait can help to better understand why people tend to be reserved and withdrawn from everyday life. Carl Jung was the creator of the neopsychoanalytical approach, which focused on psychic energy. While Gordon Allport and Hans Eysenck contributor to the trait theory, focused on biology and individualized traits. Jung, Eysenck and Allport focused on extrovert vs. introvert, yet had completely different ideas of how introversion is seen in everyday life. Personally believeing this trait is one I carry, focusing on completely different approaches will bring light to many explanations of why people act the way they do, including myself. By using both case studies and personal work from the works of Jung, Eysenck, and Allport researching introversion should not be a an issue. Although there is a lot of work to do with introversion, through this research one can get a better overview.
Leigh Anne Touhy is the fictional representation of the real life Leigh Anne, famed adoptive mother of Michael Oher from the 2009 film The Blind Side. Leigh Anne is a white interior designer, living in the south with her husband and two children. The family is considered to be part of the upper class, and made their money from owning a string of fast food chains. Leigh Anne and her family take in a black homeless boy, Michael, and throughout the film experience a growing love and bond. They eventually adopt Michael and the Leigh Anne becomes a fiercely protective mother. Very little is revealed about her upbringing
This essay will give a description of Personality before critically analysing the biological basis of personality approach. The biological basis approach tries to account for the mechanisms between genes and personality by looking at various different brain structures whilst the biochemical approach looks at the impact of hormones and neurotransmitters. The majority of our understanding of personality from a biological perspective focuses on the three main behavioural systems; the reward system, the motivation system and the punishment system. Within this essay I will be discussing the three main theories that have come from these ideas, Eyenck’s three-factor model, Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) and Cloningers model of personality.