Causes And Effects Of Deforestation

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Deforestation

Introduction

Deforestation is one of the largest environmental issues facing humanity in the twenty-first century. This type of environmental degradation involves cutting down trees in natural areas, mainly forests, in order to make room for human developments such as agriculture or infrastructure. Deforestation has been occurring for centuries all around the world, but as technology becomes more efficient and the human population continues to grow, the effects of deforestation now are greater than before. More land is being removed to provide for human needs and desires, which has, in turn, negatively affected the places being degraded as well as Earth’s environment as a whole.
Biogeochemical Cycles Biogeochemical cycles are “processes by which matter cycles from the living world to the nonliving physical environment and back again,” which include the carbon, water, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles (Raven et al. 59). Trees and other plants serve as important factors that remove carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, from the environment. As trees are being increasingly logged, the amount of carbon dioxide that can be removed from the atmosphere is declining. Thus, deforestation has altered the balance of the carbon cycle, as more carbon dioxide is being released into the atmosphere at a higher rate than it can be withdrawn from the atmosphere. Due to this higher concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide from deforestation, global climate changes such as
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