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Causes And Treatment Of Kidney

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Kidney
Trauma
By: Florie Ismael
VN Student
Fresno Institute of Technology

VN Program
Clarissa Trinidad
April 4, 2017

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Introduction Inside of each body contains two kidneys which are bean shaped, and are found on the right and are found on the right and left sides of our body. Kidneys filter all the blood in the body which ends up making urine and removing wastes. The kidneys also release and retain water. The excretory system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urethra, and urinary bladder. Each kidney processes urine out into the bladder, through the ureter tubes. The kidneys maintain acid base and the balance of ions and electrolytes in the blood so the body maintains homeostasis. Blood enters through renal
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Kidney injuries happen fast, serum creatinine levels will be elevated along with a low urine output, then followed by dialysis. There are three categories of acute kidney injury: Pre renal, intrinsic renal, and post renal. Pre renal is caused

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by low renal perfusion. Intrinsic renal is damage to the glomeruli and renal tubes. Pre renal causes depleted blood flow to the kidney and lowers the glomerular filtration rate. Pre renal symptoms are blood and fluid loss, and hemorrhaging. Blood pressure medications also can cause pre renal disease. Pre renal disease also leads to heart attack, heart disease, liver failure, severe burns, dehydration, and severe allergic reactions. Intrinsic renal disease causes blood clots in veins, arteries, blood flow in and kidneys. Cholesterol deposits block blood flow in kidneys.
Toxins such as alcohol, and cocaine also effect the kidney. Intrinsic is direct damage to the kidney.
Post renal disease is mainly from urinary obstructions such as kidney stones and tumors. Prostatic enlargement is also another form of post renal disease. Post renal kidney injuries include kidney stones, obstructed urinary catheter, benign prostatic hyperplasia, bladder stones, and cancers of the bladder, uterus and prostate. Kidney injuries happen fast and the kidneys can lose function as fast as 2-7 days. Kidney symptoms such as hypotension, kidneys becoming exposed to bad substances, and blockage in the urinary tract. Kidney inflammation
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