Chapter 1 American Exploration Summary

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2. While the Portuguese explored Africa, the Spanish, French, and English explored America.
3. To increase trade, Europeans set up colonies and created joint-stock companies.
4. Exploration and trade led to a worldwide exchange of products, people, and ideas.
5. In the 1400’s, Europeans were finally able to explore across the Atlantic Ocean b/c if the astrolabe (finds latitude – from ancient Greece) and the compass (invented by Chinese): Also used triangular sails (developed by Arabs), which allowed ships to zigzag into the wind.
6. Exploration was the result of early explorers (Marco Polo late 1200’s) who told of spices, exotic lands, and riches.
7. Many explorers risked their lives to fill demands for luxury goods in Europe
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