Child Poverty And Home Visiting Programs

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Background on Child Poverty and Home Visiting Programs
Children born into poverty are more likely to have social, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral problems. In addition, children in poverty are more likely to have physical health problems, mental health problems, and mothers receive less prenatal care. For instance, a child born in poverty is more likely to have a lower birth weight than his or her counterparts. Low birth rate is a contributing factor in infant mortality within the first year of the child’s life. Additionally, children born in poverty have lower IQ test scores and have less school achievements when compared to their counterparts. Because poverty impacts cognitive development more than physical, it is likely, that poverty will persist through subsequent generations. Further, nutrition, or the lack of, is one factor that contributes to the development of a child. One study suggests that children in poverty are twenty-two times more likely to suffer from maltreatment than those children not in poverty. The poverty rate in comparison state is twenty-two percent, which is the second highest in the country and equal to the national rate of children living in poverty. Children born into poverty, on average, live in poverty until he or she is eight years old. Therefore, it is important to provide services to people living in poverty to help them understand their situation and provide them with the resources necessary to break the poverty cycle.
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