At present, China is the largest economy in the world, overtaking the US in January 2015. It is also the world’s second largest oil consumer behind the US (Chen 2015) and the world’s largest net importer of crude oil (Dunn 2014). Its net importer status was driven by steady economic growth, with rapidly rising Chinese petroleum demand outpacing production growth (EIA 2014). China is also the fourth largest oil producing country in the world (Refer to Appendix ___).
The growth in the developing nation’s economy over the past 3 decades was heavily dependent on its low cost advantage compared to those of other countries. During this period of growth, foreign companies flocked to China to set up production facilities and factories to capitalize on this cost advantage. Raw materials are shipped to China, where factory workers build the final products and export them out to various countries (Wassener 2014).
However, recently, china’s economy has experienced a significant slowdown due to the shift in growth of the nation to rely more on private enterprise and domestic consumption. This shift in economy reduces its demand for industrial raw materials for manufacturing, which translates to a decrease in demand of oil for use in production plants. A survey of China 's industrial heartland identified decreases in key areas of new orders, export orders and output prices (Letts 2015). Furthermore, being the world’s second largest consumer of oil, this move that China makes will have
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In 2016, the crude oil price movement prices were unpredictable. The OPEC reference basket dropped 10 percent to $43.22 per pound. The ICE Brent and NYMEX WTI both went down by 8.4 percent with ICE Brent at $47.08 per pound and NYMEX WTI at $45.76 per pound. This showed that there were uncertainties in the petroleum market. The future prices were predicted for 2017 that it would move higher. The World’s economic growth predictions was the same at 2.9% for 2016 but increased to 3.1% for 2017. Because of the 3rd quarter of 2016 in Japan and US, the OCED growth went from 1.6% to 1.7%. The demand for oil growth in 2016 has been increasing slightly to 1.24 mb/d. In 2017, the demand will be predicted with a decrease to 1.15 mb/d. OECD will
Since the reform and opening up, the economy of China grows significantly, as an emerging economy, China's economy has made tremendous contributions to the global economy, and Renminbi has become one of the most important currency in the world. According to the survey conducted by China National Bureau of Statistics found that from 1979 to 2012, China has attained an annual average growth rate of 9.8% for its national economy, while the annual average growth of the world economy is only 2.8 % during the same period. In past 30 years, China's GDP surpassed Japan’s, China became the world 's second largest economy, in addition, the huge total volume of trade makes China become the world 's largest trading nation. The contribution of China’s
Today the United States is the biggest economy, the biggest energy consumer, and the biggest greenhouse gas emitter in the world. The film states, that by 2050 most economists predict that China’s economy will be larger than that of the U.S. By 2030 China will import as much oil as the U.S. however, oil is only part of the problem. The world’s most cited
The “U.S. became the world’s top producer of petroleum and natural gas” in 2013 (Energy Infrastructure). “Capital spending in the infrastructure that moves and transforms oil and gas into everyday products … has increased by 60 percent between 2010 and 2013” (Energy Infrastructure). The rise to become the top producer has led to the decrease in “U.S. oil import dependence” and the “rise of U.S. product exports” (U.S. Oil Import Dependence). The increased exportation of oil and gas by the U.S. has allowed both of these products to become large moneymakers for the United States. Although we will probably never “completely eliminate our need” for oil, we can reduce our petroleum consumption and the damage we inflict on the environment (Reduce Oil Dependence Costs). By decreasing the “dependence on oil” in new vehicles, there has been a
In addition to the US peak oil situation, the US Oil Drilling and Gas Extraction Industry faces heavy foreign market competition. In 2011, the US ranked 3rd in oil production, behind Saudi Arabia and Russia (Energy, 2012). Saudi Arabia’s OPEC governor expects Saudi output to rise steadily beyond 2030 with a 1.5 million barrel per day spare production capacity then (Energy, 2012). Russia holds the world’s largest
China is facing difficulties both inside and outside. Since China cannot regain its advantages, the only choice is transiting away from low-end manufacturing. The days of cheap, endless labor is limited, but has not ended. China still has time to invest in research, design and development and train skilled workers to create China’s own high-tech products and brands. If China could relax the One-Child Policy and invest more on children’s education, Chinese manufacturers could have more skilled workers to innovate and produce their high-tech products. China’s manufacturing is at a
The rise in China from a poor, stagnant country to a major economic power within a time span of twenty-eight years is often described by analysts as one of the greatest success stories in these present times. With China receiving an increase in the amount of trade business from many countries around the world, they may soon be a major competitor to surpass the U.S. China became the second largest economy, last year, overtaking Japan which had held that position since 1968 (Gallup). China could become the world’s largest economy in decades.
Energy efficient alternatives to oil, such as solar power and hybrid cars, have grown in popularity over the recent years. When gas prices were at an all time high, people began purchasing hybrid cars to cut gas costs. For example, from 2010 to 2014, sales in electric cars increased by almost 120,000 cars a year. As demand for electric cars rose, demand for oil decreased. Moreover, decreased consumption of oil in other parts of the world had led to less demand. Recent economic problems in China, one of the largest importers of crude oil, and developing parts of the worlds have led to an overall global drop in demand for oil. When a situation occurs where there is an excess amount in the quantity of a product compared to the amount of product that is needed, the price of the item drops. Similarly, as less oil is demanded throughout the world and a record number of oil is being produced, the price of oil is driven
The demand for oil has been predicted to increase despite the high price of oil. Sources of the demand for oil continue to increase with time worldwide. As countries industrialize and develop, their oil consumption increases together with their economy. Examples of countries that have their economy growing fastest and steadily are India and China. These two countries have their economy growing and the impact their economic growth has on oil demand is great. Some developed countries are also about to change their habits on oil demand. This will be likely adapted faster if the prices of oil continue to rise. Oil prices are determined by the traders and speculators who control and manipulate the future oil market (Anderson, 1).
A rise in oil prices impacts Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs) negatively. Not all countries in the world are as developed as the United States, Britain, and Japan. Many countries only recently have begun modernizing. A huge factor in the rate of modernization is the price
A recent study undertaken by the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources showed that China has 25.08 trillion cubic meters of proven shale oil and gas reserves, which is more than 200 times the national’s annual energy consumption rate. These statistics put China as the leading nation with the largest proven shale oil and gas reserves globally whose exploitation could open more opportunities for the country including reduced reliance on coal and energy imports from foreign countries, increased resources, and environmental conservation, and increased global economic superiority among others. Moreover, China would transform from an importer of oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG) to the world’s leading supplier, and would also imply that the country
The Chinese are an emerging economy that has taken over the world's production in recent years. In fact China is now considered to be the world's factory, as all the major players in the world outsource all or some of their manufacturing activities to the country. All this would not have been possible without the help of technology and with the state of globalization being such, that logistics and distances are becoming shorter and shorter.
There is no country in the history that has developed so fast in just twenty years like China has emerged since 1980s. Today, China is the second largest oil buyer and the fourth largest oil producing state in the world (China Energy Profile, 2010). Energy demand in China is increasing every day, especially in oil. Its own production is below 49%, i.e. 3.9 million barrels per day, so to fill the domestic shortage; China is hunting for partners around the globe. CNPC administer and manage oil and gas production and examination, field engineering and other technical services based on petroleum. The company operates in more than seventy countries with 130 subsidiaries in 29 states and its aim is to expand to every continent.
World oil demand is increasing as emerging economies need more energy to increase their living standards. Estimates, shown below, are that by 2030, China and India as emerging markets will import over 70% to 90% of their fossil fuel needs (1) . Coupled to a continued high and growing demand for oil, makes this a robust market for the next 30 years.
Answer: China and India will be the dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services,respectively, while Brazil and Russia will become the principal suppliers of row materials. Collectively, on almost every scale, they will become the largest entity on the global stage. The unfolding influence of the BRICs as engines of new growth and spending power leads some to argue that these transitions may happen even sooner, especially given the aging working populations and falling productivity rates in richer nations. Experts’ forecasts that the most dramatic