Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning

1146 Words Oct 31st, 2015 5 Pages
In order to comprehend B.F Skinner and Ivan Pavlov theories, it necessary to first describe the matter in which they are derived from, that is learning. “Learning is any relatively permanent change in behavior produced by an experience.” There are different kinds of ways that people and animals learn. People can adjust the way they learn to the different situations in which they are learning and what they have to learn. One form of learning is known as conditioning. Conditioning stresses the relationship between stimuli and responses. The two types of conditioning found are Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning. As stated before, learning may occur in different ways but Classical and Operant conditioning are two of several theories on learning which take the behaviorist approach. “Classical conditioning is an association of one event with another that results in a pattern of behavior.” Operant conditioning however, is “learning that takes place as a consequence of behavior.”
Classical Conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to transfer a natural response from one stimulus to another, previously a neutral stimulus (Psychology Today). However, reflexes must be manipulated. The term "unconditioned" simply means that the stimulus and the response are naturally connected and produces an emotional response already present before changes have been made (Psychology Today). Classical conditioning is most commonly associated with Russian psychologist…
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