208). The international market had an increasing need for reliable and homogenous product, resulting in nearly identical practices on farms throughout the country (Losch, 2002, p. 208). When Côte d’Ivoire became independent, it resulted in a dramatic spike in production that would help make the country become a market leader (Losch, 2002, p. 208). By the 1980s, the cocoa sector had been received the local government’s blessing and gained a reputation for quality mass production (Losch, 2002, p. 210). This reputation was well-merited; Côte d’Ivoire has supplied almost 50 percent of internationally traded cocoa since the 1970s and continues to do so to this day (Losch, 2002, p. 206).
Throughout time, humans have pushed forward in every aspect in life in order to improve their living standards, wealth and most importantly the agricultural sector which is the base of every human race. Food is the basic requirement for any individual to stay alive and healthy. In an article by Tamsin McMahon, she states that over the past 60 years, the world population has grown from 2.5 billion to 7 billion while world hunger dropped from 40% down to 15% (McMahon T., July 2012). This shows that our agricultural advances through technology have helped control world hunger and decrease it by more than half, but this is a short-term solution if we want to consider the future generations that depend on our current actions toward the three main pillars of agriculture which are: Health and nutrition, Economy and sustainability all while considering the local small farms and corporate farms.
To conclude Delingpole’s article, he states if we were to have total dependence on locally grown crops, we take the life-threating risk of our only food source being wiped out by a natural disaster, or a produce eating pest. He [Delingpole] goes on to quote Budiansky, “Without modern farming, we literally would have to cut down every acre of rainforest
On the surface, expanding agriculture into the rainforest seems to be a fast and simple way to alleviate hunger and malnutrition, but in reality, the resulting environmental damage--in addition to being intrinsically harmful--would actually worsen the hunger that the expansion is trying to solve. In 2014, Brazil was removed from the UN World Hunger Map, an accomplishment that Social Development Minister Tereza Campello credits to “a mix of public policies and an increased food supply” (“World Hunger Map”). Unsurprisingly, at least a significant portion of the “increased food supply” came from agricultural expansion in the Amazon Rainforest, which currently hosts approximately 200 million cows (“Cattle Ranching”). Unfortunately for Brazil, its accomplishment of ending famine within its borders may be soon reversed.
The tropical rainforest is as known for having the greatest variety of species on Earth. Specifically, more than fifty percent of all species such as trees, plants, animals, insects on the planet live in the rainforest. However, human clear trees off the land and use for other purposes, these activities straightly affects to biodiversity and animal habitat even leads to species extinction.
Globally, environments are experiencing large numbers of extinctions and loss of biodiversity as a result of human development. In Elizabeth Kolbert’s The Sixth Extinction, the author reveals the difficulties of calculating rates of extinction in populated areas with high biodiversity such as rainforests. As a result of tropical deforestation, humans have reduced biodiversity to its lowest level, with theories proposing that fourteen species experience extinction daily (Kolbert 186). The issue of human development is also addressed in an episode of Planet Earth called “Living Together,” which relates agricultural development to the loss of biodiversity. Because agriculture requires environments to be altered
Conversely, natural cultivation is an advanced technology that does not harm the environment as well as the biosphere. As a matter of fact, no longer do cultivated areas contaminated, pesticide residual, emaciated and degraded. Instead, this technique assists boost biodiversity and the biosphere reserve in nature and protect the environment from antiquated farming practice. It would be the height of folly, however, not to mention some drawbacks of organic agriculture and advantages of intensive farming. For one thing, organic farming, while conventional farming is manufacturing bigger yields, cannot produce enough food to assuage the world’s appetite. For another thing, it would be rather difficult for the impoverished and underprivileged to afford high-priced products from natural farming, which, consequently, can in part limit their interests of utilizing fresh food. Meanwhile, intensive agriculture, with curtailed prices, can meet the requirements of more people. In conclusion, there is no denying that organic and intensive farming play a vital role in life. Notwithstanding, everything frequently parallels with its downsides and these methods are not an exception. Anyway, with the rational ways of exploiting these technological advances and future development in their security, hopefully all problems will be eliminated and the merits can be
Farmers have enrolled more than 31 million acres in the Conservation Reserve Program to help maintain nature for the local wildlife. Can you believe that? More than half of America’s farmers purposely provide shelter for the wildlife; deer, moose, fowl, and other species have shown major population increases in the last decade alone. Not only do farmers help provide homes for wild animals, but they also offer alternative energy. For instance, corn, soybeans, and other crops provide a wide range of options. These are just a few of the great things that farmers do for America.
Professor David Guest, claims that a worldwide shortage of cocoa should take effect in 2020. He says there are a number of reasons for this expected dearth. About 70 percent of cocoa beans come from West Africa which has had political and social upheaval in past couple of decades. In Indonesia there are pests and diseases, and farmers grow more profitable crops than cocoa beans. He says that intense labor is also a problem with growing cocoa to. A cocoa tree grows to harvest age in three years, and then you can harvest it regularly for 15 to 20 years if you take good care of it. In order to keep these trees alive you need laborers as well, this is a problem with the labor shortages. A lot of laborers are not healthy
Because of its large size, Madagascar has a wide range of ecosystems including rain forest, dry deciduous forests, spiny thickets, amongst others. Most of these ecosystems are considered to be in danger. According to the World Wild life organization 97% of the dry deciduous first of Madagascar have been depleted and destroyed since the first human settlement on the island. Because it covers a large portion of the island, this presentation will discuss the dry deciduous forest of
The world’s population continues to grow and there is an ever increasing demand for the production of food and other agricultural commodities for human consumption.The modification and management of our landscapes are having severe effects on the diversity of life in Uk farmlands causing a threat to global biodiversity.
Land needs to be cleared in the cultivation area to make way to sow coca plants9. Although it only plays a minor role in deforestation, the fact that the illicit nature of the cultivation forces coca growers to move to isolated, untouched areas harm the biodiversity and the animals who inhabit in the area that would otherwise be left