Colorectal Cancer : The Third Most Common Type Of Cancer

1296 Words Nov 14th, 2015 6 Pages
Introduction
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is ranked as the third most common type of cancer in women. Furthermore, it is the fourth most dominant kind of cancer in men recorded all over the world. Consequently, CRC accounts for over a million new cases and more than half a million deaths every year. Colonoscopy allows early discovery and removal of precancerous lesions and may, therefore, effectively prevent or reduce the risk of Colorectal cancer. Although studies under hugely standardized conditions have shown that colonoscopy is linked with a 76% to 90% risk reduction of colorectal cancer in individuals with colorectal polyps, its effectiveness in preventing this type of cancer, especially in the community environment, is not clear. The aim of the study was to explore whether there was a correlation between preceding colonoscopy sessions and the risk of cancer in the left and right colon, in a case-control study that was carried out in Germany. Additionally, in the case study, the colonoscopy was offered as the main screening option for individuals aged fifty-five years, and it was supplemented by additional efforts regarding quality assurance measures and training.
Hypothesis
The paper did not expressly state the hypothesis. However, the hypothesis should have stated that use of colonoscopy in the early stages of cancer protects the patients from contracting colorectal cancer.
Variables
The independent variable under investigation was the impact of use of previous colonoscopy…
Open Document