Concepts of Nuclear Medicine

931 WordsJul 13, 20154 Pages
Running head: NUCLEAR MEDICINE 1 Concepts of Nuclear Medicine NUCLEAR MEDICINE 2 Concepts of Nuclear Medicine * What type of radiation is typically exploited in most nuclear medicine procedures? Nuclear Medicine is a specialty used to diagnose and treat diseases in a painless and safe manner, which uses a pharmaceutical (medicine) that’s attached to a small amount of radioactive material (a radioisotope). The procedures can often identify disease in an early stage, thus allowing for treatment to be started sooner. The most common of nuclear enhanced medical procedures involve the use of x-rays — a type of radiation that can pass through our skin. X-rays and other forms of radiation also have a variety…show more content…
* Nuclear medicine therapy using radiopharmaceuticals Medical Imaging and Diagnosis Radiopharmaceuticals are a group of pharmaceutical drugs that are radioactive. Radiopharmaceuticals are used as Diagnostic and therapeutic agents. They are used as the radio tracers to diagnose the diseased tissues in a body ("Nuclear Medicine Examples"). Therapy Radioactive materials are used for therapeutic irradiation of cells and/or organs. A small amount of a radiopharmaceutical (Rph) is introduced into the body by injection or ingestion. The Rph is attracted to particular organs or tissues., and the radioisotope releases small amounts of radiation which will act on target cells and/or organs ("Nuclear Medicine Examples"). Summary When we hear the word “Nuclear” we may automatically relate it to the generation of electricity from Nuclear Power, which is a technology used in many countries all over the world. We must also consider Nuclear Medicine, which has made and will continue in advancements in the future. Nuclear Medicine, can be used to Prevent, Diagnose, Treat, and Monitor diseases at their earliest stage. This technology allows physicians and scientists to research and discover the origin of many diseases such as Cancer. This technology is a metaphor of hope to find cures and more effective treatments for life threatening diseases. Nuclear Medicine administered by trained clinicians will reduce the risk of causing cancer as a
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