Congestive Heart Failure: A Case Study

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Congestive heart failure is a chronic disease that requires daily monitoring and life style management. Congestive heart failure usually affects the greatest number of adults who are age 65 years or older (Alspach, 2014). Congestive heart failure patients often times end up in the hospital due to their symptoms such as shortness of breath, edema, and lack of energy. These same patients are often times readmitted to the hospital and the readmissions create a hardship for the patient and their finances (Gerdes & Lorenz, 2013). Patient education and developing self-management skills are key interventions to help the patient develop confident decision making skills and improve health outcomes (Gilmour, Strong, Chan, Hanna, & Huntington, 2014).

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