Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how these
Attachment during infancy and early childhood is extremely important for proper brain development. Whether or not a child grows into a successful adult nearly depends on them forming a secure attachment. Attachment happens when a child feels safe, secure, and protected by their caregiver at all times. demands of an infant or child can be anything from being hungry, being cold, needing to be changed, to just wanting to be held or played with. There are two main types of attachment and both of them have very different out comes. The two primary types of attachment are secure and insecure attachment. More than half of children in the united states form secure attachments, leaving about 40 to 45 percent of children to form insecure attachments. when there are problems with forming an attachment during infancy and early child hood, a child will be more likely to struggle with relationships as an adult. These relationship problems can potentially last for a persons entire life if not addressed. That being said, there are a resources to help children with insecure attachment disorders. Attachment during infancy and early childhood is the most important stage of human development and has a huge impact on brain evolution.
Each of these domains I have written about come together in order to create one normally functioning and developing baby boy named Liam. Quite a few connections can be made between the domains: attachment, cognitive development, language development, motor skill development, and temperament. One connection can be made between attachment and cognitive development, because, “On cognitive tasks, the securely attached children have scored higher on measures of persistence and self-reliance” (Crain, 2011, p. 63). This is true in Liam’s case because he is both securely attached and persistent. Another connection can be made between attachment and language/communication development, because when an infant is beginning to speak their first words, “The parent and baby…have been practicing communicative exchanges for many months,” due to attachment as well as play (Davies, 2011, p. 158). Even though Liam is not speaking words yet, Sheila and Derek have been and are continuing to teach him what will be his first words. This is done through the repeated labeling of objects and actions used in ordinary conversations that occur every day between them and with Liam. A final connection, and perhaps the largest connection, can be made between motor development, cognitive development,
Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how these needs can ideally be met in a childcare setting.
Relationships are necessary throughout life and all relationships, be them romantic or friendly, have an important impact on who we are. From birth, an attachment is formed with our mothers and close caregivers, and, as we progress throughout life, that attachment transforms and evolves in many different ways and creates a framework for future relationships (Bowlby, 1969, 1973, 1980). As we develop and change as we enter into adulthood, these attachment styles adjust and present themselves in new ways in both social context and in romantic security and conflict resolution (Shi, 2003). Eventually relationships are formed with whom we want to spend the rest of our lives, and our attachment styles from infancy and childhood present themselves as these relationships develop (Gouveia, T., Schulz, M. S., & Costa, M. E. 2015). In a romantic relationship, attachment style can influence the way that you and your partner react and communicate with one another and resolve issues and conflicts (Shi, 2003). Healthy relationships are more likely to form between people who experienced a secure attachment in childhood. This gives them high levels of intimacy, trust, and positive self-regard. In contrast, unhealthy relationships are more likely to develop between individuals with insecure attachment styles, who often feel unworthy of affection, are emotionally unavailable, and closed off to intimacy (Mikulincer & Shaver, 2003). Attachment styles in adult romantic relationships
In the discipline of developmental psychology, it is universally debated that the main influence on an infant’s development process and latter consequences are due to attachment relationships (Ainsworth, 1978). This paper will attempt to critically address this central developmental debate and will further analyse the mechanisms of attachment and their effects on infants across their life span. These mechanisms include cognition, emotion and biology. However before critically evaluating these mechanisms it is necessary to offer a definition of attachment and to outline some approaches of attachment theorists in order to gain context in how attachment theory has established and evolved.
Infants have a variation of natural social skills. Infants would often cry to signify their essential needs. Babies respond to their parent or guardian reactions when there needs are met. The reaction gives babies a sense of security.
The primal importance of a child's bond to its mother has captivated people for thousands of years, written about by ancient playwrights like Sophocles, modern day writers like Esther Freud and current day proprietors such as Oprah Winfrey. It is a topic that continues to draw attention with psychologists and researchers devoting time, research and suppositions to understanding it and the importance it holds in the development of offspring. It is well established that children require a consistent and dependable
School-age children understand the difference between healthy and unhealthy foods. A sense of good nutrition is established and generally they will choose a well balanced when given the freedom to choose.
To infants, the world is a brand new experience full of new sights and sounds, and their parents are their first teacher who educates them about the new environment around them. In addition, they learn about their surroundings through touch which is an important part of the way infants observe this strange new world. Babies and toddlers learn about the way relationships are formed through becoming attached to their parents and bonding with them. Infants and toddlers love hugs, kisses, gentle caresses from their mom and dad as well as being sung and read to at night. Looking at parents bond with their children is a beautiful display of love and affection between parent and child. Seeing their infant smile back at them and be happy when
If a child asks why they should eat broccoli, one can answer by explaining that eating broccoli gives you more energy to run and jump. Because playing is an activity which children tend to enjoy, they will then relate the healthy food choice of ‘broccoli’ with pleasure. At all times a child ‘must be supported in developing and understanding of the importance of physical activity and making healthy choices in relation to food’(EYFS (2007) in Macleod – Brudenell, 2008, p70)
“Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space” McLeod (2009), as a core component of social and emotional development, the necessity and role of caregivers is a heavily researched area. Theories differ on the impairment that a crippled or complete lack of attachment causes to an infant in terms of social, emotional or intellectual development. These theories range from Harlow’s unethical work with infant rhesus monkeys to Chisholm’s study of Romanian orphans, the work remains relevant however in order to be aware of how to support or setback the deleterious affects that studies appear to be congruent on occur in infants of abuse or that have been abandoned.
Working as a preschool teacher, I have first hand experience developing trust and attachments with young children, infants and toddlers. A young child first day is often overwhelming with fear. My job as teacher is to ensure the child that I can be trusted and fulfill all of their needs. As the caregiver, developing a secure attachment is essential to the child and parents as well. The parents want to feel a sense of security from the teachers. To reflect on a past experience, I had a one-year-old toddler came to school for the first time. The child cried, kicked and screamed for 30 minutes after mom and dad left. During the day, the child cried during different transitions. After a week or so, we, child and I, developed a strong attachment.
Explain what constitutes the physical and psychological needs of a three year old child. Explain how you would ensure that these physical and psychological needs can ideally be met in a setting/nursery which the 3 year old child attends from 8 am to 6 pm, 5 days a week. * Identify and define the specific physical needs of a three year old child – including exercise and rest, diet, health and safety. (10) * Give a full explanation of how these physical needs should ideally be met by an early years setting/nursery which offers care from 8am to 6pm five days a week. (17.5) * Identify and define the psychological needs of a three year old child – focus on emotional and social needs. (10) * Give a full explanation of how the
Children in this day and age have terrible eating habits. Nutrition is no longer a necessity, it is more of a thing that is thrown aside and overlooked. Children eat candy or sweets all the time, while getting no exercise. Exercise is a major part of keeping a healthy body but it is not the only thing that is needed to be a healthy person. I will discuss some of these necessities to being or having a healthy child. In today’s society there are more and more children are becoming obese, if this trend isn’t stopped soon then there will be no more healthy children. Besides the children whose diet is controlled by sports there are very few other children who choose to eat healthy. These children sit on couches playing video games all day rather than doing sociable or healthy activities.