Crime, Racism, And Prevention

1936 Words Dec 4th, 2014 8 Pages
Crime, racism, drugs, alcohol, AIDS, child labour, polygamy, child abuse, unemployment, homelessness, poverty and rape are prime examples which help define the notion social problems (SPs) (Best, 1989). Sociologist often define SPs as arrangements that fail to work within society (Bassis, Gelles, and Levine, 1982:2), which are seen and viewed widely as a problem, are caused by human action and affect a mass of people (Farley, 1987:2, Gusfield,1989). Welfare societies create policies and legislation to deal with SPs and, take responsibility for ensuring that individuals in society are safe, out of harm’s way and, try to combat poverty by having minimum standards of living, so that it is affordable within the free market. There is a problem when it comes to defining SPs because, it relies on a significant proportion of society to identify an objective social condition and subjectively interpret it as troublesome and require change (Theodorson and Theodorson, 1969:392). Theories that make attempts to view SPs as objectively rejected conditions in society, fail to explain why certain conditions are labelled as SPs (Hilgartner and Bosk, 1988). The real question here then is, how do we go about deciding what is and isn’t a SP objectively? Who decides and how do they make that decision? Whose responsibility is it to deal with the problem? How do we go about rating SP like crime against homelessness and child labour? This essay will attempt to answer these question while examining…

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