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Critiquing Phenomenological Research of Dying

Decent Essays

When critiquing phenomenological research, there are a number of questions the critique should answer to determine the validity of the research. The first is to determine if the research phenomenon of interest is clearly stated. In the article, the authors clearly state that they use the philosophical works of Merleau-Ponty in order to explore the existential phenomena of caring for the dying. According to the authors, death can only be known through the study of dying. The authors describe death as either a personal experience or the experience of death through a dying person. The authors’ desire to explore the perceptions of critical care nurses regarding death and dying lends itself to qualitative research. The second question asks if the description given by the authors helps to understand the lived experience of the participants. They provide a background of the environment, emotion, and professional obligations that nurses share and experience when patients, families and loved ones are experiencing death. This emphasis captures the perception of the lived experience of the participants and establishes meaning in the research phenomenon. Next, the method used to collect the data should be examined. The method used by the authors was based on the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty that the meaning of an experience must be elicited by dialog. The author’s specifically used the existential ground of body, time, world, and other people as their background. The participants were

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