Damn Near Everything There Is To Know About Cells: Essay

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Damn Near Everything There Is To Know About Cells:

Biology Cell Report

There are many parts of a cell, they all have specific duties, and are all needed to continue the life of the cell. Some cells exist as single-celled organisms that perform all of the organism's metabolism within a single cell.
Such single-celled organisms are called unicellular. Other organisms are made up of many cells, with their cells specialized to perform distinct metabolic functions. One cell within an organism may be adapted for movement, while another cell carries out digestion. The individual cells no longer carry out all life functions, but rather depend on each other. Many-celled organisms are called multicellular. When a group of cells function together
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The nucleus contains DNA, the master instructions for building proteins. DNA forms tangles of long strands called chromatin, which is packed into identifiable chromosomes when the cells are ready to reproduce.
Also within the nucleus is the nucleolus, a region that produces tiny cell particles that are involved in protein synthesis These particles, called ribosome's, are the sites where the cell assembles enzymes and other proteins according to directions of the DNA.

Assembly, Transport, and Storage:

Cytoplasm - The material that lies outside the nucleus and surrounds the organelles is the cytoplasm, a clear fluid that is a bit thinner than toothpaste gel. It usually constitutes a little more than half the volume of a typical animal cell.

Endoplasmic Reticulum - The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a folded membrane that forms a network of interconnected compartments inside the cell. The ER membranes contain the enzymes for almost all of the cell's lipid synthesis, they serve as the site of lipid synthesis in the cell. The ER functions as the cell's delivery system. Some parts of the ER are studded with ribosome's. In the cell, the sites of protein assembly are the ribosome's.

Golgi Apparatus - The Golgi apparatus's main purpose is to store materials. The
Golgi apparatus is a series of closely stacked, flattened membrane sacs that receives newly synthesized proteins and lipids from the ER and distributes