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Declining Health for Middle Aged Adults Essay

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Health Changes for the Middle Aged Adult
As we age, we experience many changes that can affect us both physically and emotionally. Middle age adults have many health concerns that they need to be aware of and they must be proactive about addressing these concerns before they have adverse effects on their health. Some physical concerns middle age adults should be concerned with include hyperlipidemia, hypertension and stroke. Physical health concerns can often be linked to psychosocial health concerns. These may include depression and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Nurses can help middle age adults to reduce their risk of suffering from future physical and psychosocial health concerns by implementing an individualized care plan that
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Hypertension is another health concern that middle age adults should be concerned with. Hypertension is defined as having an average systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg or an average diastolic blood pressure above 90 mmHg . This is determined based on the average of three blood pressure measurements. According to “Hypertension affects over 70 million people in the United states and is the major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and renal disease” (Rigsby, 2011, p. 41). Common causes for hypertension include chronic kidney disease, stress, obesity, a diet high in salt, and a sedentary lifestyle. Hypertension can increase the risk for additional health concerns including stroke and heart attack. There are several lifestyle changes that middle age adults can do to help reduce their risk for hypertension including quitting smoking, losing weight, performing regular exercise, practicing stress reduction techniques and limiting salt intake.
Having a stroke is another health concern that middle age adults should consider as they grow older. “An estimated 50 million stroke survivors worldwide currently cope with significant physical, cognitive, and emotional deficits, and 25-74% of these survivors require some assistance or are fully dependent on caregivers for activities of daily living” (Zeng et al., 2012, p. 2887). A stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks an
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