Depression: A Mental Health Condition

1752 Words Jul 10th, 2018 8 Pages
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health related situations and events that impact a community (McKenzie, Pinger, & Kotecki, 2008). A common state that impacts a community is depression. Depression is a mental health condition that affects people of all ages. According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (2011), depression is described by a state of sadness and hopelessness. Some symptoms of depression include no interest in daily activities, fatigue, inability to perform daily tasks, loss of appetite, and thoughts of suicide (CDC, 2011). There are two main forms of depression. The two types are dysthymia and major depression (CDC, 2011). Dysthymia is a type of depressive disorder that usually …show more content…
Elders have multiple medical conditions associated with depression. Also, elders, 85 years and older, have the highest rate of suicide in America (NIMH, 2011). Symptoms of a child depression includes irritability and feeling that they are misunderstood, which leads to decreased interest in school. A child is more likely to face depression during puberty, which can lead to substance abuse and eating disorders (NIMH, 2011). The loss of a loved one or a dysfunctional relationship can add stress and discomfort in life for a person, therefore creating another risk factor that can lead to depression (NIMH, 2011).

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention

If depression is left untreated, it can lead to more serious problems, including suicide. Depression, if detected, can be treated (CDC, 2011; NAMI, 2012; NIMH, 2011). There are ways to prevent a minor depression to develop into major depression. According to the NIMH (2011), ways to avoid depression include being active, spending time with others, and replacing negative thoughts with positive ones. It also mentions that there are many mental health resources for a person who needs help with depression. These resources include psychologists, mental health counselors, community mental health centers, support groups, etc. (NIMH, 2011).

If someone shows symptoms of depression or already suffers from depression, that individual should start by visiting a doctor and receiving a diagnosis. A
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