Determinants of Organizational Culture

1386 Words Nov 8th, 2010 6 Pages
DETERMINANTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE
At the very onset of this topic, it is useful to distinguish determinants and dimensions of OC. Determinants are the causes, while dimensions are the components of OC. You may say, determinants are those which influence whereas dimensions are those which are influenced. Although OC refers to the internal environment of an organization, the nature of OC is determined by a variety of internal and external factors. One of the basis premises of organizational behavior is that outside environmental forces influence events within organizations. After acknowledging the dynamics of internal as well as external factors in this section, we will consider in greater detail the following seven internal
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These major groupings are as follows: System 1 – Exploitative Authoritative
System 2 – Benevolent Authoritative
System 3 – Consultative
System 4 – Participative

We continue our talk on Organization Structure which is the part of Organizational Policies. How does one know whether an organization should be categorized as System 1 or 2 or 3 or 4? It depends on the way following processes are perceived and rated in an organization: • Leadership process
• Motivation process
• Communication process
• Decision-making process
• Goal-setting process
• Control process Employees of an organization rate these processes on a rating scale, asking questions like the following:
• Hoe much confidence is shown in subordinates?
• Where is responsibility felt for achieving organization goals?
• How well superiors know problems faced by subordinates?
• How much covert resistance to goals is present?
• At what levels are decisions formally made?
• Is there an informal organization resisting the formal one? Based on the answers to these questions, an organization can be classified as system 1 or 2 or 3 or 4. A bureaucratic structure is likely to be rated as System 2 or System 3. A System 4 organization will have a distinct OC where the main theme would be strong involvement and self-control of all organization members at all levels in all basic organizational processes.

Characteristics of Members
Personal characteristics of the
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