Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a condition that occurs when the body can 't use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body 's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells.
In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the body can 't respond normally to the insulin that is made (type 2 diabetes). This causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased urination, extreme thirst, and unexplained weight loss.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent diabetes)
Type 1 …show more content…
Between 5.5 and 8.8% of pregnant women develop GDM in Australia. Risk factors for GDM include a family history of diabetes, increasing maternal age, obesity and being a member of a community or ethnic group with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. While the carbohydrate intolerance usually returns to normal after the birth, the mother has a significant risk of developing permanent diabetes while the baby is more likely to develop obesity and impaired glucose tolerance and/or diabetes later in life. Self-care and dietary changes are essential in treatment.
Causes Of Diabetes
Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both.
To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process of food metabolism. Several things happen when food is digested:
A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a source of fuel for the body.
An organ called the pancreas makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is because their pancreas does not make enough insulin or their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally, or both.
There are three major types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Diabetes is a disease in which the body has an inability to produce any or enough insulin which will cause the blood sugar to spike or rise rapidly. There are two different types of diabetes as mentioned The first type is type one which is when the person’s pancreas cannot produce any insulin cells at all and when it comes to type two, their body produces some insulin but due to reasons like weight or food habits, their body can’t produce enough properly. All in all, people with both types of diabetes struggle to produce insulin. “ The stomach and small intestine convert the carbohydrates you eat into glucose, a kind of sugar. Glucose is the body’s main fuel. When released into the bloodstream as “blood sugar,” glucose circulates through the body and feeds the cells. Insulin enables cells to take that glucose in.”(Teen Health and Wellness). This is important because everyone in the world has this
Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) is an unremitting disease where in the glucose in the blood is too high. Blood glucose level, or commonly known as the ‘blood sugar level’, are normally regulated by the hormone insulin that is made by the pancreas. Diabetes takes place when a problem in the hormone happens and how the body works. There are different types of diabetes – Type 1, Type 2, Impaired Glucose Metabolism, Gestational Diabetes and the Secondary Diabetes, but the two main
Diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose. The glucose then backs up in the blood stream and causes a person’s blood sugar to rise to high. There are two types of Diabetes. Type 1 is referred to as Insulin Dependent Diabetes. In this type the body completely stops producing insulin. Insulin is the hormone that lets the body use the glucose found in foods for energy.
Diabetes one, and two revolve around the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and its job is to help the cells in the body absorb glucose from the blood. Once the glucose is absorbed it signals beta cells from the pancreas to secrete insulin. Insulin enables glucose to enter cells of the liver and muscle. After the glucose has entered the cells, hormones that include insulin, decided if the glucose will be used as energy, or stored as glycogen for the future. The stored glycogen is important because if you haven’t eaten and your blood sugar is low, the body can take from the stored glycogen and use it as a source of energy.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which a person’s glucose (blood sugar) is higher than normal. After our bodies have digested foods and turned them into sugar, the pancreas produces insulin. Insulin helps the body take sugar (blood sugar) out of the bloodstream and helps to shuttle it into our cells to be used for energy. If a person has diabetes, their bodies either doesn’t make enough insulin (Type II) or the body doesn’t use the insulin as it should (Type I). Either of these conditions can result in high sugar (glucose) levels (CDC, 2013).
Special cells called beta cells located in the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin. The function of insulin is to transform blood sugar, also known as glucose, taken from foods consumed into energy. Insulin moves glucose into cells where it is stored for energy use. Type-two diabetes occurs when the body is incapable of utilizing insulin properly due to the failure of appropriate production from the pancreas. This failure, called insulin resistance, inhibits blood sugar from entering the cells throughout the body and turning it into energy. The glucose is not able to enter the cells, thus creating high levels of sugar in the blood. This elevated sugar levels in the blood is also known as hyperglycemia. In an overweight or obese body, it is harder to utilize insulin correctly due to the increased body fat. Although a normal weight person can develop diabetes, the chances are greater with increased fat in the midsection of the body. A malfunctioning liver, miscommunication between cells, and damaged beta cells could also lead to diabetes. Factors
Diabetes is an illness that affects the way your body handles glucose in the blood stream. Those with type 2 diabetes do make insulin, the hormone that allows cells to turn glucose from food into energy, but the body doesn’t use insulin properly. This results in the pancreas creating more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells, leading to a build up of sugar in the blood
Diabetes is caused by reduced production of insulin, or by decreased ability to use insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas which allows the blood sugar cells to be able to use blood sugar. It is necessary for glucose to go from the blood to the inside of the body cells. Because of the poor insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream. The body is unable to use glucose for energy. When you are diagnosed with diabetes the doctor should try to stabilize the metabolism and eliminate the symptoms of high blood glucose because of the rapid onset of symptoms. The effects of diabetes are thirst, urination, vomiting, fatigue, and hunger which are the most common symptoms for. The extra sugar remains in the blood and
Diabetes results from an imbalance of the hormone insulin and is considered a metabolic disorder. Glucose is obtained from food, normally insulin is released as the glucose levels rise. Insulin is produced in the pancreas by cells known as Beta cells. When Beta Cells fail to produce insulin the levels of glucose in the blood rise because the kidney is unable to filtrate the high amounts of glucose in the blood. Another cause of diabetes can be insulin resistance. Insulin resistance occurs when the body is not able to utilize the available insulin. Insulin is in charge of maintaining the proper levels of glucose in the blood. As the levels of glucose increase so does the amount of insulin being released. Insulin activates
The biology behind this disease known as type 2 diabetes, in most cases, sources highlight that type 2 diabetes is when your body doesn 't produce enough insulin. Such as Diabetes New Zealand according to the New Zealand website it defines ‘in type 2 diabetes, either the body doesn 't produce enough insulin or the cells in the body don’t recognise the insulin that is present’. Type 2 diabetes is when you eat carbohydrate food, chemical in your small intestine break them down into glucose. The cells lining absorb the glucose which passes into the bloodstream. When it gets to the pancreas, beta cells inside the pancreas detect the rising glucose levels. Beta cells reduce the glucose levels by releasing insulin into the bloodstream. As the blood circulates around the body the insulin and glucose exit the bloodstream into the tissues which goes into the body cell. Most cells in your body have receptors that allow the circulating insulin to attach to one another, allowing the circulating glucose to enter inside the body cell. Glucose helps the body get the energy that is needed to function properly. But
Diabetes affects how your body handles the sugar glucose that’s in your blood. Insulin is a hormone that your pancreas creates that lets your cells turn glucose from the food you eat into energy.
Diabetes mellitus is most commonly known as diabetes. Diabetes is formally a Greek word that translates to, “the making of lots of urine with sugar in it or making sweet urine” Brawley. This disease is due to a metabolic dysfunction. Diabetes is caused due to the fact that insufficient insulin is being produced in the pancreas. Sometimes this disease can even be caused because the cells are not being responsive to the insulin being produced. Unfortunately diabetes is not just one single strand but it comes in Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes. To begin with, diabetes is not specified to just one group age or gender it can strike anyone from any age in life. According to the distinguished, What is Diabetes?, article, in the past years the amount of diabetes cases has increased dramatically by 50 percent making it be 29 million people suffering from this disease.
The American Heritage Dictionary definition of diabetes is "a chronic disease of pancreatic origin, marked by insulin deficiency, excess sugar in the blood and urine, weakness, and emaciation." When you have diabetes, your body cannot use the food that you eat in the proper way. In a person without diabetes, when he or she eats, the food is broken down into blood glucose or blood sugar. After the food is in the form of glucose, the glucose is carried to all the cells of the body for energy. In order for the cells to receive the glucose, a hormone made in the islet or B-cells of the pancreas called insulin acts a receptor on the cell membrane to let the glucose enter inside the cells. In contrast, in people with diabetes, the body does not
Diabetes mellitus is commonly seen in the field of physical therapy. It is a disease that occurs over a long period of time, and happens when the body cannot use sugar naturally. Our bodies have to have sugar to function correctly, so if there is an inability to break down or make sugar, the body will suffer. This sugar comes from a hormone called insulin, which comes from an organ in our body known as the pancreas. Insulin’s job is keeping our blood sugar levels at a normal rate. If someone has diabetes, there blood sugar can either be too high, or too low.