Diabetes Mellitus : A Group Of Diseases That Affect Your Body Uses Blood Sugar

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Janan Ihmud
MED 2056
Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper
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According to Mayo Clinic, “Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it 's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It 's also your brain 's main source of fuel.” (Mayo Clinic, 2005) Diabetes Mellitus has 3 types: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is an autoimmune dysfunction that usually occurs in the younger age group. This process involves the destruction of the beta cells which produce insulin in the body therefore making this dysfunction an …show more content…

Classic symptoms are: polyuria (excessive urination), polydipsia (excessive thirst), and polyphagia (excessive hunger).Rapid symptoms are weight loss, and muscle wasting.
Type 1 Diabetes is an incurable disease but there are treatments and managements on how to keep your blood sugar under control. Being that insulin is not being produced or secreted insulin will have to be taken every day via the subcutaneous route per a sliding scale managed by their physician. Management of carbohydrates will help decrease the amount of glucose entering your body. Frequently monitoring blood sugar will give you a range of how much of your intake is affecting your body and will let you know of how much insulin will need to be used. Keeping up with your insulin intake and monitoring your blood sugar will give you a baseline of how effective the therapeutic regimen you are on is actually taking effect on your body.
Type 1 Diabetes emergency is known as DKA, Diabetic Ketoacidosis. According to Medicine Health,” Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) results from dehydration during a state of relative insulin deficiency, associated with high blood levels of sugar level and organic acids called ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is associated with significant disturbances of the body 's chemistry, which resolve with proper therapy. (Medicine Health, 2014) When there is a lack of insulin the body breaks down fatty acids which

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