From this we can say that E-banking is the way of transacting where customers do their transactions electronically via internet and they do not have to leave their comfortable position and stand in a line for withdrawal or depositing money at bank or pay bills like gas bill or electricity bill.
1.2. Differences between paper-based transactions and internet-based transactions
Paper based transaction in banks refers to the transaction where all data are written and stored in traditional way as in paper. Many banks have been using this traditional transaction till internet based transaction started to take place. Internet based banking has still not eradicate paper based transaction totally but it has made quite an impression on the customer. So it might come to the question of what is internet based transaction.
Internet based transaction is defined as the transaction where all the task in banks is done through using internet where a customer of a bank can log into their website and know about their account, pay their bills or how much money left in his or her account.
In Paper based transaction, there are normally two parties where ‘X’ bank works as one party as financial institution and other party is generally the client or the customer. On the other hand while dealing with Internet based banking, ‘X’ bank generally has to deal with multiple parties like the customer, the internet providers or the telecommunication provider.
Between paper based transaction and internet
Internet banking refers to an online facility which provides an alternative channel for delivering banking or financial services and enables individuals to access their accounts anytime and anywhere through a bank’s web site (Z. Liao, Z., and M. T. Cheung, 2012). In other words, online banking named as E-banking, internet banking or virtual banking. Generally, the operation of online banking is connect to the core banking system designed by bank and then contrast to branch banking which refer to traditional way of bank customers accessed to banking services. Nowadays, internet banking is one of the most important businesses in electronic business around the world (Ariff et al, 2012). Most of the conventional banks have to operate and provide the online banking service to their customers as needs by
Electronic funds transfer is the method where money is transferred from one bank account to another through
Internet banking has many benefits for consumers and these advantages also can explain why it is growing in popularity.
Electronic Commerce in short known as E-commerce. E-commerce is the business or commercial transaction which transforms information in internet. E-commerce which is buying or selling any products or services in Online using internet. It is Electronic mediator between the customer and the organization. The main aim of E-commerce is to provide secure transactions for the customer
As their name suggests, they only execute their operations online. Customers can only be in contact with their money over the internet since they do not have any physical branches. Because online-only banks require lower overhead costs, they have the capability to offer more free services and higher interest rates compared to a traditional bank. Online banking provides many customers the convenience of handling their business at any physical location as long as they have access to internet. This is possible because of the variety of services that online banks provide despite limiting interaction to only the internet. Some of their services include applying for loans online, transferring funds and paying bills online. While the convenience of being able to access banking through the internet is worthwhile, there are limits to it. For example, making large deposits to the bank is limited and can only be made through the mail, they don’t service cashier checks for transactions, and withdrawing money from the account is very inconvenient. Luckily, the role of the internet in financial transactions is becoming increasingly prominent so that spending money online is more accessible, but it is important to understand both the benefits as well as restraints of online banking. Nowadays, many large brick-and-mortar banks have caught on and provide some online services in attempts to
(Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council,2003). The usual E-banking services provided by banks are account management; bill payment and presentment; new account opening; consumer wire transfers; investment/brokerage services; loan application and approval; account aggregation; cash management ; small business loan applications, approvals, or advances; commercial wire transfers; business-to-business payments; employee benefits/pension administration etc. Online banking or E-banking has spread around the world and has become common these days. In general, banking services have changed over the past three decades to meet the consumers’ needs (McKinsey & Company, 2012); at that time, when the consumer needed money for purchases or to make a transaction, he needed to go to the bank by himself during the bank hours and perhaps waited in a long line to meet a human teller to implement his transaction. Nowadays, due to the E-channels that surfaced with the development of technology and the Internet, the processes of banking have changed. The consumer can make a transaction from one account to another while sitting in his couch anytime and anywhere.
Banks that offer financial products and services through the Internet must be able to meet their customers’ expectations. Banks must also ensure they have the right product mix and capacity to deliver accurate, timely, and reliable services to develop a high level of confidence in the customers. Customers who do business over the Internet are likely to have little tolerance for errors or omissions from financial institutions that do not have sophisticated internal controls to manage their Internet banking business. Likewise, customers will expect continuous availability of the product and Web pages that are easy to navigate.
In this essay I will be writing about Online Banking, its use, how it evolved, impacts and how it benefited the global businesses. In late 1980s, the term online banking became popular. But in 1990s, the financial institutions implemented the online banking services. Initially it took some time to adopt the customers to do monetary transactions through online banking. Afterwards, with increasing use of computers, internet and World Wide Web, banks introduced new form of banking called Online Banking. It is a service from a bank to perform banking transactions through internet. Transactions like paying bills, transferring funds, applications and payments over loans & mortgages, accounting statements viewing, viewing account’s transaction history, looking for products and services provided by banks, getting answers of queries instantly.
E-commerce (electronic commerce or EC) is the buying and selling of goods and services, or the transmitting of funds or data, over an electronic network, primarily the Internet. These business transactions occur either business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-consumer or consumer-to-business. The terms e-commerceand e-business are often used interchangeably. The term e-tail is also sometimes used in reference to transactional processes around online retail, (SearchCIO, 2015). In other words e-commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services online.
With the advance technology, banking has become a 24 hours a day and seven days a week ability. Not too long ago banks were only open from 9:00am to 3:00pm, workers and businesses rushing to get to the bank before they close. Paychecks were handed out personally not direct deposit, cashing or depositing a paycheck entailed a trip to the bank. Now most companies have direct deposit and the printed paycheck is becoming a thing of the past, this is only one example of how technology in banking has changed in society. The electronic banking (e-banking) can be described as the automated method of new and traditional banking services which reduce cost, and simplify front and backend process satisfying customers.
E-commerce is transactions conducted via electronic means such as the internet, email and SMS. It is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the internet to appear. As a result, people are able to exchange goods and services immediately regardless of their geographic location and time. More and more businesses conduct transactions on line, with some trading purely on-line thus reducing overheads and administrative costs.
Technological advancement has had a gigantic effect in the banking industry. Over the past few decades, the financial services industry has changed considerably with banking transforming from the pen and paper method to the computers and internet method. The pen and paper method took weeks or even months for the transaction to be eventually completed, and then the dramatic introduction of the computer and internet method which changed that time frame to only a matter of seconds to be completed, which reduced the amount of time and labor needed to complete a transaction significantly. Banking is considered one of the most important economic sectors with it being severely influential and responsive to any little change, whether it is domestic or international. Some extreme changes that were brought about by the development of this new technology turned into a globalized nature for the financial services industry. One stroke of a key on a computer could and would change a person 's life extensively or even have a global impact. The new technologies that were created and introduced changed how the consumers managed their money from that time on. Technology has helped to protect peoples’ hard earned money and make it much more impossible for people to be able to write out bad checks or even holding up a bank. The advancement in technology however, also came with some security risks as most things do, that could affect the money that people trusted with the bank and
Internet Banking (Internet banking): Computerized service that allows a bank’s customers to get Internet with the bank via internet or telephone lines to view the status of their account(s) and transaction history. It usually also allows them to transfer funds, pay bills, request check books and so on (Business dictionary., 2011)
Although, electronic banking provides many opportunities for the banks, it is also the case that the current banking services provided through internet are limited due to security concerns, complexity and technological problems (Sathye, 1999 & Mols, 1999). According to Financial Services Authority (FSA) 2010, banks face several risks but notably are; Safety situations around ATMs, abuse of bank cards by fraudsters at ATMs and the danger of giving your card number when buying on line. Security risk is a major source of concern for both customer and the bank. Since E- banking services are offered using network, it is exposed to risk environments hence leading to security breaches. The consequences of security threats are potential financial, legal and reputational implications.