Distinction between Analytic and Synthetic Naturalism

788 WordsJun 17, 20184 Pages
In this paper, I will examine the distinction between analytic and synthetic naturalism. This division was first proposed by Kant in his attempt to find evidence for the fact that there seemed to be knowledge that was known independent from any particular experience (a priori), which was shared by all.(WEST) The goal is show that in the synthetic naturalism is plausible theory in meta-ethics, although it faces major criticism. I- Analytic Naturalism Analytic naturalism involves making the claim that moral properties, like morally wrong, are synonymous with natural properties. The use of a moral term, ‘S’, is regulated by the definition that the speaker attaches it to.(Jackson 1998) So, it seems that analytic naturalism is attached to…show more content…
Thus, for them the question remains “open” because it does not follow that ‘unmarried man’ is synonymous with ‘bachelor.’ Additionally, analytical naturalism refers to the internal psychological states of a given speaker when they utter a specific term (semantic internalism). So, speakers may express one property instead of another using a term even when the concept that speaker attaches to it does not differentiate between two properties. For example, we take Molly to speak falsely when she looks at bank note (which is forged) on the table and says, ‘ah money!’ If this theory were true, then we would have to say that Molly speaks the truth. IV-Accepting Synthetic Naturalism A clear objection to synthetic naturalism would be the open question argument. The open question argument suggests that moral properties are different from natural properties only if two terms are considered synonymous because they share the same property. (MOORE) Synthetic naturalism, however, escapes this objection because it allows for two terms to articulate the same meaning if they are different. The argument holds that just like ‘salt’ and ‘NaCl’ articulate the same thing they are in fact non-synonymous, so that makes it possible for moral terms and its natural terms counterparts to express the same property. Therefore, the adoption of synthetic naturalism as a plausible theory

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