Diversity, Racial, And Cultural Factors

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Multicultural competence is defined as acquiring the essential skills in order to interact successful with individuals of diverse cultural or ethnic backgrounds (Holcomb- Mc Coy & Myers, 1999). Multicultural competency in counseling helps clinicians diminish the deeply rooted assumptions of a particular group and enables them understand their own values and gain a better perspective and empathy to successfully respond towards the needs of diverse populations. Clinicians are able to learn and recognize the importance of a client’s culture and the therapeutic relationship. In which they serve as advocates to ensure the therapeutic relationship and service provided is accessible and equitable. As a therapist gaining an understanding of…show more content…
The first dimension is to be knowledgeable and comprehend by acquiring facts, knowledge, and information of one’s culture with respect to other cultures. The second dimension is to develop skills to enable a positive change in the cultural context. Lastly, the third dimension is the attitudes and values are to gain awareness of one’s culture with respect other cultures.
Ethnicity
In the mental health field the term race and ethnicity are used interchangeably. The difference between each term is that the term race is associated with power and social hierarchies whereas; ethnicity is defined as values and ways of living (Markus 2008). The ethnicities categorized in the U.S. Census are racial groups comprised of White, Black or African-American, Asian, Hispanic or Latino (a). American Indian and Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander.
Knowledge
The necessary knowledge and ethnic competency needed for a clinician to work with is a continuous evolution that will increase the growth in the field of mental health. Multicultural competent clinicians have specific knowledge about their racial or ethnic heritage. As a clinician their racial or ethnic heritage can affect them professionally as well as personally, their definition and biases of normality and abnormality within the counseling process. Developing an understanding and knowledge of how racism, discrimination, stereotypes can
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