Effects Of First Language Acquisition

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First language acquisition is something most average people go through without giving it a second thought. According to Freeman and Freeman (2014), “Acquisition refers to a natural process that occurs without conscious effort or any kind of direct teaching” (p.21). Due to the fact that language acquisition is something almost everyone goes through without conscious effort and is still partially a mystery, it has become a widely studied subject. Researchers from many different fields have studied first language acquisition, including psychology, education, linguistics, and sociology. First language acquisition is a subject that is still being researched and has had many different theories throughout the years, regardless, knowing about…show more content…
For example, they discuss a study that examined where a student grows up affects their language acquisition. This is similar to Hart’s and Risley’s (1995) “The Early Catastrophe: The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3,” which discusses the relation between socioeconomic status and student vocabulary size. The study found that there are large differences between children in professional families and children in families on welfare. Hart and Risley (1995) state “the three year old children from families on welfare not only had smaller vocabularies than did children of the same age in professional families, but they were also adding words more slowly” (Hart & Risley, 1995). In addition to discussing Heath’s study, Freeman and Freeman (2014) explain the idea that children have rules they already know to begin with, known as Chomsky’s Universal Grammar. At the secondary level, it seems as if there are very few applications of first language acquisition since by the time students are 11 years old they have surpassed the studies that looked at first sounds, words, and early vocabulary acquisition and grammar. In the English as a Second Language classroom, students are not acquiring their first language, but their second or sometimes third or
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