Effects Of Reduced Nicotine Cigarettes Study

1415 Words Oct 20th, 2014 6 Pages
Reduced Nicotine Cigarettes Study
Julia Tobin , Dr. Edythe London , & Dr. Paul Faulkner
Honors Research in Science
October 7, 2014

INTRODUCTION
The history of nicotine dates back to 1560 when Jean Nicot, from whose name the word nicotine derives, introduced tobacco to France for medical use (Lah, 2011). With the arrival of Europeans to America in the 16th century, the consumption, cultivation, and trading of tobacco quickly spread. Cigarettes were later invented by beggars in Spain in 1614, who collected scraps of cigars and rolled the tobacco into small pieces of paper (Lah, 2011). Due to the high expense of cigarette production, consumption was not widespread until 1880, when a machine to roll cigarettes was invented by James Bonsack (Lah, 2011). Modernization of cigarette consumption during the 1920s made adverse health effects from smoking more evident. In 1929, Fritz Lickint published evidence linking tobacco with lung cancer, which led to a strong anti-smoking movement in Nazi Germany (Proctor, 2000). A breakthrough came in 1948, when Richard Doll published the first major study validating that smoking could cause serious health damage, such as lung cancer and heart disease (Proctor, 2000). The 1954 British Doctors Study and the 1964 United States Surgeon General 's report increased the popularity and legitimacy of the anti-smoking movement, leading to the Tobacco Master Settlement (MSA) against the tobacco industry allowing states to recover the…
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