Effects of the Poliovirus: Poliomyelitis

1504 WordsFeb 19, 20186 Pages
 Poliovirus is an enterovirus which infects the guts then spreads through blood to infect the central nervous system causing paralysis though infection is over 90% asymptomatic.  The challenges eradicating polio range from socio-cultural factors to political and economical factors. There are mainly three endemic areas remaining namely: Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan.  The solution to the challenges would vary from countries and communities with specific issues. But the direct involvement of the population is crucial making the battle more active than passive with less publicity. INTRODUCTION: Polio had caused 350000 cases of infection in 1988 in over 125 countries and less than 2000 cases in just about four countries in 2009 and then 406 cases in 2013. This 99% drop of polio threat is the result of endless efforts of the World Health Organization, Unicef, Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, Bill and Melinda foundation, Rotary foundation as well as governments supporting the Global Polio Eradication Initiatives with immunization. Nevertheless, the remaining 1% is posing great problem eradicating presenting various political, social, economical and technical obstacles. A more direct consideration of especial challenges for specific countries and communities could put an end to polio threat around the world. POLIO DISEASE AND ERADICATION Polio known as poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis is an acute viral infection caused by the enterovirus called poliovirus. It
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