Emergency Management Systems Range From Informal Arrangements Essay

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Major Official and Unofficial Actors
Emergency management systems range from informal arrangements of neighbors helping neighbors, typically found in rural areas, to complex and formal programs offered in larger cities or at higher levels of government. All players have the same goal to increase community and national resiliency, which requires collaboration of many parties from local citizens to the president. This section focuses on key actors that shape emergency management programs in reference to people with access and functional needs.
Emergency management organizations.
These organizations are responsible for coordinating and developing the emergency management program that includes all phases of emergency management - preparedness, planning, response, recovery, and mitigation (Federal Emergency Management Agency [FEMA], 2015). Government organizations include local, state, and federal. The local level is typically comprised of appointed officials, the emergency manager, and department heads that oversee community services, such as street-level police, firefighters, and paramedics (FEMA, 2015). The state consists of the governor, homeland security and emergency management directors, the National Guard, and department heads. The federal government plays a coordination and assistance role and is primarily comprised of the president, the Department of Homeland Security, FEMA, the Department of Defense, and other pertinent departments (FEMA, 2015). An extension, and

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