Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Anomie

1144 Words Sep 27th, 2015 5 Pages
This paper examines about Emile Durkheim’s theory of anomie and its relationship to the field of criminology. Durkheim proposed a theory in order to test different types of norms in societies that cause crime. He explains that social norms are an agreement of some people who live in that geographical location. Conservative societies incline to have less population and be more oppressive. If certain behavior goes against social norms, then severe punishment can ensure to reject the behavior. In opposite case more advanced societies allow more facilities for different behavior and accepts changes. Behavior against the norm is tolerated in advance societies. Durkheim focused on society, social organization and development. He explained that when social norm breaks crime happens. Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton 's theory created an influence of anomie on breaking the social norm. At that time, strain appeared as a social psychological tool to offer deviant behavior from the effect of anomie. The research conducted by Konty (2005) challenges the idea of Durkheim offered a different though on anomie. He argued that anomie offers a cognitive state termed as micro anomie. In microanomie, self-esteem has a higher priority than self-transcending. Data sample collected from university students’ show that microanomie condition is able to produce gender difference in offending. Messner and Rosenfeld (1997) studied research of Esping-Andersen and the institutional anomie theory of crime.…
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