Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Anomie

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This paper examines about Emile Durkheim’s theory of anomie and its relationship to the field of criminology. Durkheim proposed a theory in order to test different types of norms in societies that cause crime. He explains that social norms are an agreement of some people who live in that geographical location. Conservative societies incline to have less population and be more oppressive. If certain behavior goes against social norms, then severe punishment can ensure to reject the behavior. In opposite case more advanced societies allow more facilities for different behavior and accepts changes. Behavior against the norm is tolerated in advance societies. Durkheim focused on society, social organization and development. He explained that…show more content…
This paper examines Emile Durkheim’s theory gave a different approach to the criminological research. He interested in social organization and rules. He was curious that how social structure develops within societies (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 115). At that time, the psychological thoughts were motivated by Durkheim own ideas (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 116). During the French revolution, there was a quick change in the society. Old ideas were replaced by new ideas (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 116). Durkheim concluded that social development impacts society 's rules and values. He considered the lack of social norms cause anomie. The anomie causes social violence (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 117). He categorized his concept in two different ways of anomie one is "mechanical (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 117) and “organic” society (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 117). A mechanical society normally has less population then organic society. A mechanical society is more isolated and conservative where diversity in thoughts is not welcomed. In contrast, organic society is more advanced and contains diversity. The organic society always welcomes new thoughts and changes. (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 117). Rules and regulations in mechanical society are more punitive whereas in organic society laws are concentrated on restitution (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 117). He also discussed an
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