Environmental Effects Of Climate Change

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Climate change has become the dominant environmental issue of our time. According to BBC’s article “A Brief History of Climate Change”, the theory dates to the 19th century when a French physicist, Joseph Fourier, described the Earth’s natural greenhouse effect in 1824; followed by an Irish physicist, John Tyndall, who in 1861 showed that water vapour and certain other gases create the greenhouse effect; and in 1896, a Swedish chemist, Svante Arrhenius, concluded that industrial age coal burning will enhance the natural greenhouse effect. He reported that the buildup of carbonic acid in the Earth’s atmosphere created the possibility that the Earth will gradually grow warmer.

In the 1960s, the warming effect of carbon dioxide gas became increasingly convincing. Scientific opinion favoured the warming viewpoint ever more during the next decade. And by 1990s, improved computer models and observational work confirmed that greenhouse gases were deeply involved in most climate changes and human-caused emissions were creating evident global warming (“A Brief History of Climate Change”).

The effects of global warming are much more devastating than just heat waves. As weather patterns change around the world, the consequences could include prolonged heat waves, prolonged droughts, and resulting water shortages. Furthermore, warming oceans are already bringing about more frequent and stronger storm events. And rising sea levels could jeopardize trillions of dollars of real estate
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