Erik Erikson’s Stages of Child Development Essay

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Erik Erikson presented eight stages of human development, which last throughout an entire life-span. Throughout each developmental stage, each developmental task presents a catastrophe for the individual. Erikson defined catastrophe as “a turning point of increased vulnerability and enhanced potential” (Santrock 73). Each of Erikson’s developmental stages is presented in such a way that the negatives and positives are clearly defined. Although there are eight developmental stages, five pertain to a child’s development. The first stage, which occurs during the first year of life, is labeled as trust versus mistrust. Trust is developed when the caregiver is nurturing which gives the child a feel of comfort. When a child receives …show more content…
As a child gains initiative, the child is then most likely in middle to late childhood and experiencing a developmental stage Erikson called industry versus inferiority. At this stage, children master knowledge and educational skills with the help of an elementary school classroom. If children believe that they are not mastering skills at a level as same as their peers, children may develop a sense of inferiority which may also hinder the educational experience throughout a child’s entire life. When a child passes through Erikson’s fourth stage and into adolescence, the child experiences a stage identified as identity versus identity confusion. Identity versus identity confusion is the final stage that affects a child’s development. Children at this stage are searching for their own identities through many avenues to identify themselves in the way they feel. A child at this age should be able to search out his or her own identity because; if the child is constrained in anyway the child may become identity confused. Identity confusion is caused when a child fails to choose any one identity but instead chooses several to identify his or her self. With the eight stages of Erik Erikson’s developmental theory, five occur between birth and twenty years old that affect a child’s development greatly. Every person throughout life experiences each stage within Erikson’s theory whether the outcome is negative or positive however, if the
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