Ethics : Value Theory, Normative Ethics, And Meta Ethics

1501 WordsMar 2, 20167 Pages
The topic of ethics has always been up for debate. Ethics as defined by Landau is, “moral philosophy that focuses on the branch of knowledge of answering question on how we ought to live. (Landau)” In order to grasp a deeper meaning of ethics Landau focuses , “questions about what our guiding ideals should be, in what sort of life is worth living, and how we should treat one another” (Landau). The purpose of these questions allows society to focus the key points of ethics, hedonism, physiological egoism, ethical egoism, and divine command theory. The questions above drive three main recognized points in ethics: Value Theory, Normative Ethics, and Meta Ethics. Value theory raises the question, “What is the good life?” The good life is driven by what it that people have an intrinsic value for in life. Intrinsically valuable components are, “something that in it of itself makes a person better off” (Landau). Some might challenge that having whatever makes a person happy is falls under the category of being intrinsically valuable, but this is not true. For example, happiness could be tied to a feeling or sensation that makes a person “happy”. This can be seen in the idea of providing free beer campus wide at all times of the day. While although the action could make a person temporarily “happy”; providing alcohol at any times of the day in not intrinsically valuable because the consumption of alcohol in it of its self is not something that will a person better off in life. This
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