The African country, more commonly known as the Horn of Africa, is a poor resource country that is in need of advanced medical care. Ethiopia is located in the east-central part of Africa. Healthcare options are limited, running water is scarce, mortality rates are continually increasing, nevertheless Ethiopia is continually making strides to solve these challenging issues. In the following portfolio, the author will examine structure and function of the major health care system while looking at the cultural practices that influence the health of the people in Ethiopia.
Health Indicators In the healthcare system, the major problem is preventable communicable diseases and different nutritional disorders. A statistic from 2010 states, “More than 90% of child deaths are due to pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, neonatal problems, malnutrition, and HIV/AIDS, and often a combination of these conditions” (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2010, pg. 3). These diseases are widely preventable, however, when the healthcare system is lacking, the people of Ethiopia are negatively impacted. In Ethiopia, the life expectancy for females is 62 years of age, and for males it is 65 years of age. The probability of a person dying under the age of five years old is 68 out of 1000. The probability of dying between 15 and 60 years of age is variant depending on gender. Out of a 1000 people, 250 females and 212 males, will die between 15 and 60 years of age. Healthcare status in this