Europe's Second Logistic

5530 Words Sep 30th, 2009 23 Pages
EUROPE'S SECOND LOGISTIC

Population and levels of living

what sort of people these Europeans were, and what inspired that curious combination of adventurous spirit, pious sentiment, and brutal behavior that characterized the explorers and conqueror?.
After a century of decline and stagnation Europe's population began to grow. In the middle of 15 th century the population of Europe as whole was 45-50 million, it's about 2/3 less than it was before the plague. By the middle of 17 th century the population was 100 million, in view of the stagnation and decline that occurred in the first half of the 17 th century. What caused this growth?
No single obvious cause for the renewal of population growth presents itself. The incidence of the
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The rural mgrants rarely had he skills or aptitudes necessary for urban occupations. n he towns they formed a Lumpenproletariat, a pool of casual , unskilled labor, frequently unemployed, who supplemented their meager earnings by begging and petty thievery. their crowded, dirty, and squalid living conditions endangered the whole community by making it more susceptible to epidemic disease.
The plight of both the urban and rural poor was aggravated by a prolonged fall in real wages, Because he population grew more rapidly than agricultural output, the price of foodstuffs, bread grains in particular, rose more rapidly than money wages, a situation that was exacerbated by he phenomenon of the 'price revolution'.[Note that the more money there is in circulation the less it is worth in relation to the commodities for sale, and so the price of commodities rises.] By the end of the 16 th century the pressure of population on resources was extreme, and in the first half of the 17 th century a series of bad harvests, new outbreaks of the bubonic plague and other epidemic diseases, and increased incidence and ferocity of warfare, especially the Thirty Years War, brought the population expansion to a half. In several areas of the Europe, notably Spain, Germany, and Portugal, population actually declined during part or all of the 17 th century.
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EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY
By about 1400 the breakup of the Mongol empire and the growth of the

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