Evaluation Of A Wireless Sensor Networks For Inclement Weather Disaster Mitigation

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Sam Miller ESE 402 Project Report 04/13/15 An Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Networks for Inclement Weather Disaster Mitigation Introduction The grid, which includes transmission and distribution lines, is a critical aspect of the energy industry that has become antiquated in recent years. The first problem is caused by an increasing demand, 2.5% annually over the last 20 years, leaving the grid overused [gungor]. The second problem is the age of the infrastructure the average age of the power-grid transmission lines are 50–60 years [gungor]. Because the increase in demand and age of the infrastructure coupled with the nonlinear nature of the electric power distribution network have caused serious network congestion issues, which has caused several major blackouts [gungor]. In addition to network congestion, the existing power grid also is out-of-date in the following areas: communications, monitoring, fault diagnostics and automation which further increase the possibility of region-wide system blackout [gungor]. All the aforementioned problems of the “traditional” grid have been increasingly more difficult to meet in the 21st centuries demands, including power-grid integration, system stability and energy storage and an overall decrease in reliability [erol,gungor]. Global climate change has caused reliability problems outside the control of the electric utility; but it will still need to maintain a reliable grid for its customers during times of intense weather
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