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Evidence Based Nursing in Geriatrics Essay

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Nurses who work in the field of geriatrics, also known as gerontology, focus on caring for older adults. This is a high-demand practice area, because older people are more likely to require health services. Half of all hospital admissions are for patients over age 65, but only 1% of nurses are certified in geriatrics (ExploreHealthCareers.org, 2013). Geriatric nurses are educated to understand and treat the often complex physical and mental health needs of older people. Nurses try to help their patients protect their health and cope with changes in their mental and physical abilities, so older people can stay independent and active as long as possible. Many older people have health conditions that do not require hospitalization, but…show more content…
(Simmers, 2013.) As I researched geriatric nursing, I found that Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is the best support evidence based theory when it comes to geriatrics. The self-care deficit theory proposed by Orem in 1971 is a combination of three theories: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit and the theory of nursing systems. The self-care deficit nursing theory, also known as the Orem model nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between 1959 and 2001. It is considered a grand nursing theory, which means it covers a broad scope with general concept that can be applied to all instances of nursing. (Nursing Theory, 2011.) The self-care model states that nursing facilitates client self-care by measuring the client's deficit relative to self-care needs, the nurse implements appropriate measures to assist the client in meeting these needs by matching them to an appropriate supportive intervention. (Cherry, 2013.) Evidence-based is used when interventions have scientific rationale for research that has been obtained from disciplines other than nursing. (Ackely, 2011.) The first step is to Assess, to obtain a full health and medical history by listening and observing the client. In order to be effective in this area the nurse needs to use open-ended questions, for example ''tell me how are you feeling today.", and active listening skills. This is the proper way to identify
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