Evidence-Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research

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Evidence-Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research Joyce Windham Western Governors University Article Larson, E., Quiros, D., Lin, S. (2007). Dissemination of the CDC’s Hand Hygiene Guidelines and Impact on Infection Rates. American Journal Infection Control, 35, 666-675. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2137889. Graphic BackgroundInformation|This study examines the implementation of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) hand hygiene guidelines and analyzes whether compliance impacts patient outcomes, especially hospital acquired infections (HAI). The correlation of hand hygiene (HH) and HAI is very well described in this study. Rates for HAI were determined both pre and post…show more content…
This makes it difficult to determine how much HH really affects the infection rates. Maintaining HH is very difficult. This study confirms the observation that institutional adoption of a guideline does not guarantee practice changes (Larson, 2007). The reduction in central line infections and ventilator acquired pneumonia occurred in both high and low compliance hospitals which indicates that there may be other variables affecting the results.| Assessment of Evidence This study was intended to prove that hand hygiene practiced according to the CDC guidelines will decrease the incidence of hospital acquired infections. This could not really be proved in this study since the hospitals were not able to maintain improvement in hand hygiene. Health care workers were familiar with guidelines but significant practice changes were not maintained. Some of the infection rates did improve during this time but the correlation with hand hygiene is not consistent. There were other practice changes occurring during this same time and those changes may be responsible for the decreased infection rates. The background information and review of literature showed a definite opportunity to improve healthcare practices which would also improve patient safety. The methodology was clear and unbiased. It should have provided credible information. The data analysis done gave accurate results according to the information
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