Exercise During Pregnancy And Gestational Diabetes

1131 Words Apr 1st, 2015 5 Pages
Gestational diabetes is also known to increase the risk of caesarean delivery in expecting mothers, due to the larger birth weights of infants born to these mothers. The rate of cesarean sections in the United States is at an all time high, as professor Martin discussed in lecture. Best outcomes estimate that an average of 5-10% of births should result in c-sections, yet as a country we are between double and triple that rate (Martin, 2015, Lecture #1). Recent studies have shown that exercise can lower the risk of having cesarean sections. In a study titled Exercise during pregnancy and gestational diabetes-related adverse effects: a randomized controlled trial, researchers took it upon themselves to examine the effects of exercise on GDM (gestational diabetes mellitus) and the increased risk of caesarean section that comes along with GDM. They found that the risk of having a C-section was decreased by 34% in the group of subjects who participated in aerobic exercises three times a week (Barakat, Peleaz, Lopez, Lucia, & Ruiz, 2013). Lowering the rates of cesarean sections would save expecting mother’s excessive medical treatment, costs, and risks from surgery as well. Fetal macrosomia, is defined a newborn with a weight of more then 8.82 pounds at birth. This condition is very common among mothers who have excessive weight gain during pregnancy. Macrosomia can increase the risk for dysfunctional labor, prolonged labor, postpartum hemorrhage, and lacerations of the soft…
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