External Consequences Of Terrorism

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Among lots of these outside factors is terrorism – because of the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, particularly against civilians, inside the pursuit of political aims. The oblique outcomes of terrorism create the maximum danger to the activities of companies and then throughout the supply chains (Barry, 2004). The consequences of terrorism can cause the reduction customers wanting specific goods and services, due to the mental reaction of clients. The acts designed to attain beyond the instant target to intimidate a broader audience, to include religious groups, corporations, political parties, or the whole United States. Terrorism acts aimed at accumulating exposure to introduce political change via impact and strength. Executive orders, as the Homeland Security Act in 2002, created the color-coded alerts of the Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS), which replaced with the National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS) ("National Terrorism Advisory System," 2017). The NTAS affects the supply chain through possible delays and proactive measures. NTAS gives detailed information on terrorist risk ranges and recommends security features to the public, authority’s agencies, airports, ocean ports, and different hubs (Giunipero & Aly Eltantawy, 2004). Changes in government guidelines, legal guidelines, and rules may additionally take effect as a response to a terrorist threat or latest act of terrorism. After the 9/11 attacks, under President George W. Bush, the
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