FREUD’S PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY AND THE RECENT APPROACH Essay

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The psychodynamic theory has its own perspective, thus ranging us with numerous experimental findings and studies. According to Freud, the psychodynamic theory has developed from the psychosexual stages of an individual; in terms of normal development, at which, is a start at birth and throughout his adulthood. There are multiple factors structuring of human personality; and therefore, Freud had introduced us his theory in achieving it from the state of the unawareness. Ermann also focused on the same idea, indeed he presented his psychoanalytical research in an article titled, "You touched my heart": Modes of memory and psychoanalytic technique. His concentration was upon the procedural state of the mind as well as referring back to the …show more content…
The three different levels of consciousness that discussed in his study were the conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious state. Conscious is a thought that is currently in the awareness. Preconscious is a thought that is also from part of the memory process, which is currently not at awareness. Unconscious is a thought that cannot be voluntarily brought into the awareness. Freud explained that during the id stage, it is completely unconscious, thus only to be present at birth where it acts accordingly by the pleasure principle. A pleasure principle means of seeking an immediate pleasure, despite of understanding the formal reason, logic, safety, and morality to avoid the pain, and also in satisfying of a person needs. Hock (2009) pointed out that id stage consists of “basic human biological urges and instincts such as hunger, thirst, and sexual impulses” (p. 236). The next stage is known to be the ego, at which, it works in fulfilling the urges developed from id. It works partially with each of the three consciousness levels. It made us to think and act accordingly by the reality principle; nevertheless, it is informed of the real world and such consequences basing from our behavior. This stage has promoted us to do things and taking steps which are always in safe and reasonable in various conditions. The last stage of personality is known as the superego,
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