Family Arranged Marriages in India Versus Self-Arranged Marriages in the United States

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Family arranged marriages in India versus self-arranged marriages in the United States Marriage has been defined in numerous terms by different cultures. The factors that play into creating a successful, happy marriage are viewed differently by people in different cultures. Family arranged marriage has been the tradition in Indian culture. Modernization, globalization, and urbanization have brought about the concept of self-arranged marriage from Western cultures, such as the United States. Despite these efforts, family arranged marriage still outnumbers marriages of love or self-arranged. According to Devika Chawla in her essay on Hindu arranged marriages, 95% of all Hindu marriages in India are still arranged (2007). Nice job of…show more content…
Self-arranged marriages in India are considered non-righteous unions; one reason is due in part to not following the ideals of a patrilineal society. Nice job of explaining the why of this cultural behaviorThe unions are considered “female emphasized” (Chawla, 2007). The bride has more economic and social freedoms in a self-arranged marriage. She is able to keep her stridhana and she is able to keep her own bride-price. The change in times brought about more rights for females such as property rights and a surge in the women’s workface, allowing women to not be so economically dependent on men. With this trend, you would think women would seek more self-arranged marriages to assert their independence, but that is not the case and family-arranged marriages are still very prevalent (Bumiller, 1990). Then what are the benefits to having an arranged marriage?again, great job of pulling the Why of this behavior. In a study completed by Chawla (2004), she took a look at 20, middle-class women from Punjabi, South Delhi, who were all in family-arranged marriages (Chawla, 2007). She found that these women had agreed to arranged marriages, but that did not mean that they did not play a part in the mates that were selected for them. All of the women had provided criteria, which they wanted in a groom, to their parents. The criterion that was laid out is similar to the principle factors that women in the United States look for in mates. Those criteria were: material

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