“It is not about how hard you fall, but how you get up and keep going.” Economic recession may be a natural phenomenon in the world’s economies. Every market has its peaks and falls, definitely the United States of America has hers.
A macroeconomic policy is known at the government’s regulations to control or stimulate aggregate indicators for the economy. In other words, these are policies that focus on providing solutions to help stimulate economic growth and fight financial situations; in this case the recession. The macroeconomic policy that would be a legitimate solution to the recession would be Fiscal Policy, but more specifically, Expansionary Fiscal Policy. The reason why this would be a legitimate solution is because unlike Expansionary Monetary Policy, it has a more direct effect on aggregate demand. In other words, the government will aim to increase how much money is spent in order to stimulate aggregate demand. Furthermore, potential tax cuts will serve as a catalyst for spiking aggregate demand by granting people the capability to consume and invest (Forsythe, 2012). As an ultimate effect, the recession that America is going through will show more direct signs of economic growth, and will not have much of an influence in sparking inflation in the long
When the Federal government has to find ways to regain any money lost they lean on the expansionary Fiscal policy and the monetary policy to regain money into the economy. Whether, a change in taxes or even government spending. Even to the three major tools of the expansionary monetary policy to focus on. In the first part of this paper, I will discuss the expansionary fiscal policy and how the Federal government was involved and the changes that needed to be made to taxes, government spending. The second part of this paper, I will discuss the monetary policy and the tools the Federal Reserve used when under this policy. The expansionary fiscal policy was out to kick start the economy, and the expansionary monetary policy was out to change interest rate, and influence money supply. When discussing these two policies you have to think about one aspect when will it ever stop? Will a policy always have to be part of the economy to help the government one way or another?
Fiscal policy involves the use of government altering the levels of spending, taxation and borrowing to influence the pattern of economic activity and affect the level of growth of aggregate demand, output and employment. The main goal of fiscal policy is to stimulate economic growth, keep inflation low (target of 2%) and to stabilise economic growth. There are two types of fiscal policy. Expansionary is linked to increases in government spending to boost economic activity and contractionary which is linked to decreasing government spending to lower economic activity.
Expansionary fiscal policy is a form of fiscal policy that involves decreasing taxes, increasing government expenditures or both in order to fight recessionary pressures. A decrease in taxes means that households have more disposal income to spend. Higher disposal income
A contractionary fiscal policy occurs when government spending is reduced either through from an increase in tax revenues or reduction in public spending and is used in periods in which it seeks slow the growth of aggregate demand. While an Expansionary Fiscal Policy implies an increase in public spending through increases in public spending or lower tax revenues. You can apply expansionary fiscal policies when seeking to increase aggregate demand.
The government has two tools of expansionary fiscal policy which are expansionary and contractionary. The difference in the two tools is that by taking the expansionary route the government is opting to stimulate the economy. Expansionary is most often the path taken during times of high unemployment or during a recession. The government cuts taxes, rebates as well as government spending. Lastly, another option the government may choose to take is called the contractionary fiscal policy this means that the government decides to decrease the amount of money such as increasing taxes and reduce the amount of money the government is spending.
First of all, expansionary fiscal policy is passed to expand the money supply of an economy to encourage economic prosperity, growth, and combat inflation. Inflation is described as the overall increase of prices in an economy or country. There are several ways an
Recession is a term that looms over any society at some point or another but what does recession mean for the economy, in short it is an economic decline. This essay will examine the meaning of recession and will discuss the fiscal and monetary policies that are used to pull economies out of recessions. The great Recession of 2008 will shed light on how these policies were successful at restoring economic growth and reducing unemployment.
Automatic stabilisers are changes in tax revenue and government spending that occur automatically in response to changes in the level of real GDP. Government use taxes (personal and corporate) and spending on public welfare to help to monitor fluctuations in economic conditions. A good example of an automatic stabilizer is unemployment benefits. When the economy slows down and people are put out of work, these benefits work to stabilize things without government intervention to the economy. A budget surplus slow down an expanding economy and a budget deficit mitigate a downturn in the economy (less revenue and increase government spending).
Recession cycles are thought to be a normal part of living in a world of inexact balances between supply and demand. What turns a usually mild and short recession or "ordinary" business cycle into an actual depression is a subject of debate and concern. Scholars have not agreed on the exact causes and their relative importance. The search for causes is closely connected to the question of how to avoid a future depression, and so the political and policy viewpoints of scholars are mixed into the analysis of historic events eight decades ago. The even larger question is whether it was largely a failure on the part of free markets or largely a failure on the part of government efforts to regulate interest rates, curtail widespread bank failures, and control the money supply. Those who believe in a large role for the state in the economy believe it was mostly a failure of the free markets and those who believe in free markets believe it was mostly a failure of government that compounded the problem.
The people of the United States are by the fiscal policies. Team C will address the how and why the U. S. budget deficits, budget surpluses, and debt affect different individuals and institutions. There is a wide array of individuals affected by fiscal policy, which include tax payers, future Social Security and Medicaid users. The unemployed individuals and University of Phoenix students will be affected by fiscal policy. The U.S. financial reputation, an exporter, and importer, and affects of the GDP will also be covered about the affects of the U.S. fiscal policy.
How can monetary policy and fiscal policy greatly influence the US economy? Keynesian economics says, “A depressed economy is the result of inadequate spending .” According to Keynesian the government intervention can help a depressed economy through monetary policy and fiscal .The idea established by Keynes was that managing the economy is a government responsibility .
This policy involves increasing government spending and cutting taxes, in order to spur economic output. But if the government decides they need to do the opposite the government may adopt concretionary fiscal policy. This involves a reduction in government spending and an increase in taxes when faced with an overheating economy. But these actions, may have other effects in the economy. For instance, and expansionary fiscal policy may lead to the crowding out of investment.
Increased spending on investment adds to aggregate demand and helps to restore normal levels of production and employment.Fiscal policy, on the other hand, can provide an additional tool to combat recessions and is particularly useful when the tools of monetary policy lose their effectiveness. When the government cuts taxes, it increases households’ disposable income, which encourages them to increase spending on consumption. When the government buys goods and services, it adds directly to aggregate demand. Moreover, these fiscal actions can have multiplier effects: Higher aggregate demand leads to higher incomes, which in turn induces additional consumer spending and further increases in aggregate demand.Traditional Keynesian analysis indicates that increases in government purchases are a more potent tool than decreases in taxes. When the government gives a dollar in tax cuts to a household, part of that dollar may be saved rather than spent. The part of the dollar that is saved does not contribute to the aggregate demand for goods and services. By contrast, when the government spends a dollar buying a good or service, that dollar immediately and fully adds to aggregate demand.