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Food Loss And Food Waste

Decent Essays
Food losses and food waste (FLW) have become a global concern in recent year and is widely identified as a key barrier to global sustainability due to its adverse impacts on food security, natural resources (e.g. land, water and energy), environment (e,g. greenhouse fas emissions), and human health (e.g. toxic emissions from incineration) (FAO, 2017; Katajajuuri et al., 2012; Pham et al, 2015). Food loss and food waste refer to the decrease of food in subsequent stages of the food supply chain intended for human consumption (FAO website). The food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain from initial production down to final household consumption. Food waste could happen by intentional or accidental, but definitely lead to less food available for all. When food is wasted, the resources and energy put into the production is also wasted. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) reported that approximately one third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted globally, which is roughly 1.3 billion tonnes. Global climate change such as unnecessary green house gas emissions and inefficiently used water and land were impacted by food loss and waste, which in turns leads to diminishing the natural ecosystems and the service they provided (Filho and Kovaleva, 2015). The carbon and water footprint of this significant amount of FLW were estimated to be 4.4 gigatons (or 8% of the world’s total) of CO2 equivalent and 250
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