Ftv 106a Essay

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FTV 106A – Midterm Study Guide
TA: Matthew Perkins 1A
IDs – People to Know:
• Eadweard Muybridge (1830 – 1904) o Born in Britain, emigrated to US early in life, by the 1870s had become a very prominent photographer, mostly photographed nature and animals; very well known o 1872 – Leland Stanford (one of the richest in the state) questions whether or not a horse has all its feet off the ground when it gallops, hired Muybridge to take pictures of racehorses and prove or disprove this o 1877 – Muybridge built special track with a camera house with 12 electrically operated cameras, and a marked fence along the track to give precise measurements of a horse’s position in each shot → each camera fitted with an electromagnetic shutter that
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 Biograph had its own camera so it could survive—in 1901 Edison sued them for patent infringement and won his case, but it was then appealed
 Edison reapplied for new patent, but kept losing
 Biograph was not in a financial position to survive if Edison took his case all the way to the Supreme Court—even when he was wrong, he was too powerful to lose
• W.K.L. Dickson (1860 – 1935) o First hired by Edison to create a machine that would project motion pictures o beginning June 1889 to work on the motion picture camera; 35 mm film (Edison gives him plastic film) o Dec 1895: Dickson created his own motion picture company without Edison (furious)—called the American Biograph Company = Edison threatens to sue due to patents so Dickson is forced to make his film company as different from Edison’s as possible o Used 70 mm film (higher quality) which was larger than the film he used at Edison—“large film showing large pictures” o He also used a mutoscope film viewer which was based off of a flip book (more durable product—cards fan in front of you to create the illusion of movement)
 1892-1901: filmed at the Black Maria (1st movie studio in NJ, shack-like); but

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